ROLE OF SOME ECOFRIENDLY BIOPESTICIDES TO CONTROL THE PEST Heliothisarmigera ON TOMATO

Main Article Content

Ankita Awasthi
Sangeeta Avasthi

Keywords

Heliothis armigera, Botanical extracts, Biodegradable, Tomato

Abstract

Purpose

Botanical pesticides are now emerging as a valuable component of IPM strategies in all crops due to their efficacy to insect pests and safety to their natural enemies. The prime purpose of the study is to check the efficiency of plant extracts against the Heliothis armigera on tomato.

Methodology

The trial test was performed in randomized block design with six treatments and three replications. The infestation was evaluated and subjected to analysis of variance with LSD. Field experiments were performed to check the efficacy of chemical and botanical formulations against fruit borer, Heliothis armigera infesting tomato. The insecticides Steward, Tracer, and Proclaim (Sahito 2013), were applied four times at the interval of 15 days of second, third and fourth spray, respectively.

Social Implications

Plants derived chemicals act as an environmentally safe alternative to chemical pesticides. Secondary metabolites from plants play a key defensive role against the pests and act as antifeedants, oviposition deterrents, and growth inhibitors. Plant extracts pose less threat to the animals, human, and society.

Findings

The results showed that all three insecticides performed well in reducing the infestation in fruits by the H. armigera however, Proclaim gave best results. It shows 1.22 % of infestation after the 4th spray and 95.72% mortality. Simultaneously three plants extract Nigella sativa, Aristolochia leaf extract, Jatropha curcas (Ratnadass 2012) also applied to check their efficacy against fruit borer. Among these plants extract Nigella sativa extract perform well against H.armigera. After the application of Nigella sativa 4th spray, the percent infestation was 3.83 and 72.99% mortality while Aristolochia leaf extract and Jatropha curcas were comparatively less potent with 48.5% and 62.64% mortality respectively.

Originality

The study was performed at Zoology Department, A.N.D. College, Kanpur. Data collected through the randomized block design method.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 623 | PDF Downloads 99

References

1. A.K.M. Z. Rahman, M. H. Haque, S. N. Alam, M. Mahmudunnabi, N. K. Dutta, 2014. Efficacy of Botanicals against Helicoverpaarmigera (Hubner) in Tomato.The Agriculturists 12(1): 131-139.

2. Alain Ratnadass, Michael Wink, 2012. The Phorbol Ester Fraction from Jatropha curcas Seed Oil: Potential and Limits for Crop Protection against Insect Pests Int. J. Mol. Sci. , 13, 16157-16171. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms131216157

3. CAB International, 2006. Crop Protection Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

4. Chandra, B.K.N. and Rai, P.S., 1974. Two new ornamental host plants of Heliothis armigera Huebnerin India. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 31(2): 198.

5. Eliane Carneiro, Luciana Barboza Silva, Kellen Maggioni, Vilmar Buenos dos Santos Thiago Ferreira Rodrigues, Soislan Souza Reis, Bruno Ettore Pavan, 2014. Evaluation of Insecticides Targeting Control of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 2823-2828. https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2014.518298

6. Gahukar, R.T., 2002. Population dynamics of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on rose flowers in central India. Journal of Entomological Research, 26(4): 265-276.

7. Isman MB. Insect antifeedants. Pestic Outlook. 2002; 13: 129176. https://doi.org/10.1039/b206507j

8. Jawad Ali Shah, Mian Inayatullah, Kamran Sohail, Syed Fahad Shah, Suleman Shah, Toheed Iqbal and Muhammad Usman,2013. Efficacy of botanical extracts and a chemical pesticide against tomato fruit worm, Helicoverpa armigera. Sarhad j. agric. 29(1).

9. Kakimoto, T., Fujisaki, K. and Miyatake, 2003.T. Egg laying preference, larval dispersion, and cannibalism in Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 96(6): 793-798. https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8746(2003)096[0793:ELPLDA]2.0.CO;2

10. Monica Singh Chauhan, J.P.Shukla, U.K Pandey, Seema Bhadauria., 2013. Efficacy of some plant products as a repellent to control Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) fed on Tomato (Lycopersiconesculentum). International Journal of Research in Botany

11. Multani, J.S. and Sohi, A.S., 2002. Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) on carnation, Dianthus caryophyllus Linn. in Punjab. Insect-Environment, 8(2): 82.

12. Sahito, H.A, Lund, M.A, Bukhari, S. A, Talpur, M. A, Mastoi, A. H., 2012 Efficacy of different insecticides against H.armigera (H) on tomato crop.International journal of medical and applied sciences, 2 (3).