Main Article Content

Chellaian Justin Dhanaraj


Analysis, endosulfan, forensic, thin layer chromatography, UV visible,


Endosulfan is an easily available insecticide and mainly used for agricultural purposes. Hence most of the villagers use endosulfan for committing suicide. The recent cases reported in toxicological laboratories show that suicide with endosulfan is increasing in these days. Endosulfan causes most degree of death because of its toxic effects. The toxicology division of forensic science laboratory plays vital role in analysis of poisons through Criminal Justice System. In every death case which is connected to the criminal justice system, the human viscera of deceased are sent to forensic sciences department for analysis.

In a case report, the toxicology division received human viscera of a deceased from the forensic medicine department where a person was declared death after consuming endosulfan due to severe stomach pain. It was brought to toxicology division of forensic science laboratory where the type of poison was identified and estimated. Two methods such as thin layer chromatography and UV Visible spectrophotometry were adopted to analyse the human viscera. The forensic analysis includes solvent extraction, identification and estimation.

Abstract 83 | PDF Downloads 89 UV Spectrum of Endosulphan Downloads 0


1. W. Eckert. Introduction to Forensic Science. 2nd Edn., New York, NY: CRC Press, 1996.

2. N. Reddy. The Essentials of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. 24thEdn., New York, NY: American Biographical Publication, 2006.

3. Working Procedure Manual Toxicology. Bureau of Police Research & Development publication 2000.

4. H. R. Dreiskach. Handbook of Poisoning. Singapore: Maryazen Asia Publication. 1983.

5. M. D. Raaiskarimi Shoraz. E-Medical J. 2001.

6. Curry AS. Poison Detection in Human organ. 4thEdn., Illinois USA: Spring Field, 1988.

7. G. Melentyeva, L. Antonova, Pharm Chem. Moscow: Mir Publishers, 1988.

8. N. S. Singh, D. K. Singh, Biodegradation. 22(5), 2011. 845-857.

9. Hoang TC RGM, P. R. Gardinal, Castro J Chemosphere. 84(5), 2011, 538-543.

10. N. Sarat, S. Barathi. Int J Chem Tech Res. 5(1), 2013, 06-14.

11. J. F. Carriger, T C RGM. Hoang, P. R. Gardinale, Castro J. Arch Environ ContamToxicol. 60, 2011, 281-289.

12. A. Sharma, M, Mishra, K. Raviram, R. Kumar, M. Z. Abdin, DK Chowdhuri. Chemosphere. 82(3), 2011, 370-376.

13. N. Awasthi, N. Manickam, A. Kumar. Bull Environ ContamToxicol. 59(6), 1997, 923-934.

14. Usha, V. R. Harikrishnan. IPEN pesticide working group project.Trivandrum: ArshaPrinters. 2005.

15. A. Ramesh, P. E. Ravi. J Environ Monit. 4(2), 2002, 190-193.

16. A. C. Moffat, M. C. Ossetton, B. Widdop Clarkel’s Analysis of Drugs and Poision.3rd Edn.Mumbai: K.M.Varshese Company. 2004.

17. V. V. Pillay. Handbook of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. Bangalore: Paras Pub. 2003.

18. V. Paul, Balasubramanian, E. Environ ToxicolPharmacol. 3, 1997, 151-157.

19. D. M. Rao, S. A. Murthy, J Agric Food Chem. 1980; 28:1099-1101.

20. N. Sinha, R. Narayan, D. K. Saxena, Bull Environ ContamToxicol. 58, 1997, 79-86.

21. J. R. Miles, P. Moy, Bull Environ ContamToxicol. 23, 1979,13-19.

22. G. Jain, D. K. Singh, G. Yadav, Toxicology Inter. 19(1), 2012, 74-76.

23. M. Orak, M. Ustundag, A. Ozhasenekler, Y. A. Altunci, C. Guloglu, Y. J. Tamam. AcadEmer Med. 9(4), 2010, 158-161.

24. V. Briz, J. M. Molina, S. S. Redondo, M. F. Fernandez, J. O. Grimalt, N. Olea, E. R. Farre, C. Sunol. Toxicol Sci.120(2), 2011, 413-427.

25. V. M. Pereira, J. W. Bortolotto, L. W. Kist, M. B. Azevedo, R. S. Fritsch, R. L. Oliveira, T. C. Pereira, C. D. Bonan, M. R. Vianna, M. R. Bogo. Neuro Toxicology. 33(3), 2012, 469-475.

26. R. K. Sharma , A. Kaul, A. Gupta, D. Bhadauria, N. Prasad, A. Jain, M. Gurjar, B.P. Rao. Indian J Pharmacol. 43(4), 2011, 469-471.

27. S. Alva, D. Damodar, A. D’Souza, J. A. D’Souza, Indian J Pharmacol. 44(4), 2012, 512-515.

28. N. D. Singh, Sharma AK, DwivediP, A. G. Telang, M. Kumar, R. D. Patil RD.Toxicology Inter. 19(2), 2012, 138-143.

29. D. Gude, D. P. Bansal, J Family Med Primary Care. 1(1), 2012, 76-78.