THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE BUDDHA AND THE PRIESTS OF OTHER RELIGIONS IN THE TIPITAKA

Main Article Content

Chamnong Kanthik
Sudaporn Khiewngamdee

Keywords

Buddha, priests outside Buddhism, Tipiaka, pali, vinaya

Abstract

Purpose: This research aims to study the concepts and types of priests of other religions which appear in the Tipiaka, to study the Buddha’s relationship with other religious priests and to use it as a practice for Buddhists to live in harmony with other religions.
Methodology: The researcher used as a research method a documentary and commentary of the Pali Tipiaka Siamese official version, Mahamakut Rajavidyalaya and the Tipiaka and the Commentaries which are translations of the Mahamakut Rajavidyalaya Foundation under Royal Patronage. The study mainly focused on the appearance of the Vinaya Tipiaka and the Suttanta Piaka.
Main Results: The result of this study found that other religions and priests, which appear in the Tipitaka as the 6 teachers’ religions; Including Purnakassapa, Makhaligosala, Ajitakesakambala, Pakudhakaccayana, Niganthanaputra and Sajayve-lahaputra. Each religion has a different viewpoint. Other religious priests include Paribajaka, Tpasa, Jatila, Ayatithika and Hermits. The relationship in terms of being an adversary include Brahmins, Huhukajti, Dghanakhaparibjaka and
Saccaka-Nigantha and so on. Then, there is also a friendly relationship, such as Shasenapati, a disciple of Nigantha, Kaanta-brahmana, Mahasakuludayiparibajaka, Paribbajaka named Kandaraka and Dghatapass- Nigantha.
Implications: When analyzing why other religious priests changed Buddhism. Due to the use of the miraculous miracle, and from the curiosity or intolerance in the study of that person. In the past, the contact of the Buddha with other religion’s priests was friendly. If there was something to criticize, when he clarified, it was considered terminated. If there is some good, it was accepted and applied in Buddhism. If the act of the Buddha was to deal with other religion’s priests as a
practice for the disciples of today, it is possible to do so.

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