INHERITANCE WEALTH DISTRIBUTION MODEL AND ITS IMPLICATION TO ECONOMY

Main Article Content

Dian Berkah
Tjiptohadi Sawarjuwono

Keywords

Economic Equilibrium, Inheritance Wealth Distribution, Islamic organization, Religious Court

Abstract

Purpose of study:  Inheritance wealth is one of the instruments of wealth distribution in Islam that potentially capable   to be a solution for economic inequality that triggered the multidimensional problems nations daily life. The concept of inheritance wealth distribution for Muslims has been summarized in Indonesian Islamic Law Compilation and in Marriage Act No. 1 year 1974. For non-Muslim society, the inheritance law is based on the concept of nations Civil Code and customary rules. The diversity in the concept of inheritance wealth distribution in Indonesia cannot be separated from the nature of the family and its influence on the assets, which is believed by the community.


Methodology: This study used participation action research method as a qualitative approach in order to frame, analyze and solutions in form of strategic role model for the Government in completing and streamlining the inheritance wealth distribution in Indonesia.


Result: The solutions will be based on problems faced by the Religious Courts and Islamic organizations in conducting inheritance wealth distribution. Moreover, propose inheritance wealth as public fund in addition to zakat, infaq, shodaqoh and endowments.


Implications/Applications: The implementation and dispute settlement in inheritance wealth distribution are exercised by Religious Courts,  as well as the Islamic organization such as Muhammadiyah and Nahdatul Ulama (NU). Diversity  of institutions becomes an interesting phenomenon in Indonesia inheritance wealth distribution. This potentially makes inheritance wealth distribution done well and can prevent conflicts of individuals in the family, hoarding treasure and minimize economic disparities in society.

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