JAVANESE CIRCUMFIX {SA- + -É}: A MORPHOLOGICAL, SYNTACTICAL AND SEMANTICAL APPROACH

Main Article Content

Bambang Suseno
Kasiyarno .

Keywords

Javanese circumfix, Circumfix, Affix, Subordinate clause, Adverb of time

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this Article is to show that the Javanese circumfix {sa- + -é} is one of the Javanese affixes that can be attached to more than one part of speech, namely adjective, adverb and noun. It has a relatively high frequency in terms of its usage. The analysis of this article focuses on the use of circumfix {sa- + -é} in terms of morphology, syntax, and semantics.


Methodology: Javanese circumfix found in Javanese culture was analyzed according to morphological, syntactical and semantical approach


Results: In Javanese, the circumfix {sa- + -é} is added partly on the left and partly on the right of the base morpheme. Such a kind of morphological process is known as confixation, or simulfixation, or circumfixation.


Implications: Thus, the entire analysis describes what the circumfix {sa- + -é} can do to the base morphemes particularly in the Javanese language. Many of the derivatives formed by the attachment of the circumfix may function as the opener of the subordinate clause expressing adverbs of time.

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