Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews 2019-03-25T23:45:58+00:00 Dr Jenny Hope Open Journal Systems <p>Humanities &amp; Social Sciences Reviews [eISSN 2395-6518] aims to publish the most timely research development in the discipline of&nbsp;social sciences, humanities, communication, language, literature, political science, arts, etc after blind peer review.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-ESTEEM, FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS AND SOCIAL SUPPORT AS THE PROTECTIVE FACTORS AND ADOLESCENT MENTAL HEALTH 2019-03-25T23:45:57+00:00 Rike Triana Budi Anna Keliat Ni Made Dian Sulistiowati <p><strong>Purpose :</strong> Mental disorders begin to occur at the age of 10-29 years about 10-20 %. Protective factors to prevent mental disorders in adolescents were self-esteem, family relationships and social support. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the protective factors of self-esteem, family relationships, and social support and adolescent mental health.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This research employs a correlative design. The subjects were 452 students in 8 grade (aged &lt; 15 years old) that chosen by a purposive sampling technique. Data were collected by five questionnaires: demographic data, Rossenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Family Relation Index, Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale, Mental Health Continuum Short Form.</p> <p><strong>Main Findings:</strong> The results show that the protective factors of self-esteem, family relationships, and social support have a positive and significant influence on adolescent mental health (p &lt; 0,05).</p> <p><strong>Applications:</strong> These findings showed the important role of protective factors (self-esteem, family relationships, social support) to adolescent mental health. Schools, parents and mental health nurses need to develop programs to promote mental health by improving the protective factors of self-esteem, family relationships, and social support.</p> <p><strong>Novelty/Originality:</strong> There are no studies involving comprehensive protective factors include individuals, families and communities on adolescent mental health.</p> 2019-03-23T19:06:41+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The GAMIFICATION DESIGN PROCESS FOR THE AGING SOCIETY IN THAILAND 2019-03-25T23:45:57+00:00 Wilawan Inchamnan <p><strong>Purpose of the study:</strong> This study aims to examine the gamification design process for aging people in Thailand to encourage memorable experiences and to yield behavioral outcomes. The research reported in this paper addresses the important question about the role of gamification-driven technology how acceptable is it to the elderly user in Thailand?<br><strong>Methodology:</strong> This study aims to examine the gamification design process for aging people by encouraging memorable experiences to bring about behavioral outcomes. The survey has been used to find the process of sustainable aging design starting with the sustainable living factors in Thailand. The gamification issue is addressed to change peoples behavior by combining living factors and gamification elements literatures.<br><strong>Main Findings:</strong> The conceptual framework shows the key issues of the behavioral change capabilities of gamification combined with the individual, cultural and social aspects of a Thai context. The finding can be divided into 3 factors: a sustainable aging society, changing behavior, and gamification mechanics.<br><strong>Applications of this study:</strong> The workflow will be tested in different environments such as hotels, classrooms, and marketing. The designed gamification should provide tasks that will help people trust their activities. This study examines gamification strategy by establishing a technology-driven trust relationship with players, and then determining the best way to motivate the players to encourage the players to change their behavior.<br><strong>Novelty/Originality of this study:</strong> Knowledge and skills can be improved by using gamification-driven. Gamification activities could be designed. The conceptual framework designed to overcome the changing behavior in Thailand.</p> 2019-03-18T13:14:02+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## MEASURING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CONTINGENCY MANAGEMENT INTERVENTION ON PATIENTS’ TREATMENT ENGAGEMENT AND INTERNAL MOTIVATION: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL 2019-03-25T23:45:57+00:00 Mohamad Salleh Abdul Ghani Haslee Sharil Lim Abdullah Mohamad Isa Amat <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of the implementation of Contingency Management (CM) intervention in a mandatory treatment center in Malaysia. Treatment engagement within psycho social sessions and treat- ment motivation were monitored in a randomized controlled trial study.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>A total of 44 patients were chosen as participants and randomly assigned into two groups namely the experimental group of treatment as usual + contingency management (TAU+CM) (n=22) and the controlled group of treatment as usual (TAU) (n=22). The TAU+CM group followed a 12-week CM intervention and 4-week maintenance period without CM reinforcement. Meanwhile, the TAU group went through 16 weeks of usual psychosocial session implemented in the center.</p> <p><strong>Measurements: </strong>The main outcome of the research was the effect of CM toward treatment engagement within treatment session and a secondary analysis to measure the patients’ treatment motivation using Treatment Motivation Questionnaire (TMQ) during pre, post, maintenance phase and follow up after four months. CM reinforcement using reward stickers with monetary value were contingent with every achieved treatment engagement behavior. No reward was given to the TAU group.</p> <p><strong>Findings: </strong>CM found to be effective on treatment engagement of the patient and has a significant effect on motivation especially toward internal motivation.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: CM proven to be effective in improving patients’ treatment engagement and patients’ motivation internally compared to the usual program.</p> 2019-03-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING PATTERN OF TEMPO WEEKLY NEWS MAGAZINE 2019-03-25T23:45:57+00:00 Septiawan Santana Kunia Siti Suriani Othman <p><strong>Purpose of the study</strong>: Through an investigative news, “Kapal Patroli Pembawa Selisih” (Tempo, 2004, May 16), this&nbsp;research is conducted for the purpose of examining Tempo’s investigative reporting pattern – how Tempo conceptualize its&nbsp;investigative reporting, how Tempo plan its investigative reporting, how Tempo evaluate its investigative reporting and how&nbsp;Tempo conduct its investigative reporting.</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong>: This study uses qualitative method with case study approach, through interpretive framework. Case study&nbsp;approach designed for this research is a single case (embedded) in nature, which applies multi-level analysis. Analysis&nbsp;is carried out to discover the answers to understand the reporting of investigation, both stated by literature and meanings&nbsp;conceptualized by Tempo Magazine itself. ‘One observation’ is the terminology of investigative reporting (11-steps of&nbsp;investigative reporting by Paul N. Williams).</p> <p><strong>Main Findings</strong>: Investigative reporting by Tempo Magazine is a rigorous and systematic reporting, disclosing wrongdoing&nbsp;based on evidence, facts and data. Investigation’s editorials of Tempo Magazine form special teams. The investigation team&nbsp;gives emphasis to quality and capacity of journalists, which coordinated by an editor. Investigasi rubric is systematically a&nbsp;reporting unit integrated with Tempo’s editorial management.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Applications of this study</strong>: Tempo’s investigative activity in Indonesia is not only a matter of press action. Its presence&nbsp;encourages democratic verve in Indonesia. Tempo’s reporting pattern represents social, cultural, politics and other subjects.&nbsp;As a matter of fact, Tempo’s investigative reporting is linked to Indonesia’s Human Rights Affair, in articulating freedom&nbsp;of thought and opinion. Thus, this research is able to be use as material for research in politics, sociology, communication,&nbsp;media and cultural studies.</p> <p><strong>Novelty/Originality of this study</strong>: Investigative reporting is rather a unique topic of research. Most of the research&nbsp;discuss investigation within the news themes and its impact, or journalistic professionalism. Thus, the research on Tempo’s&nbsp;investigative reporting has its novelty.&nbsp;</p> 2019-03-08T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## DISCREPANCY BETWEEN FIRST IMPRESSION AND SOCIAL DESCRIPTION, AND ITS EFFECT ON PEOPLE’S ATTITUDE 2019-03-25T23:45:58+00:00 Hiu Tung Tiffany Leung Joanna Wincenciak <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>Both facial appearance and behaviors could respectively contribute to impression formation towards an indi- vidual. However, when there is congruence between information decoded from facial appearance and behaviors which may determine impression in different ways, effect of both factors will be altered. This study aimed to investigate the discrepancy between the information carried by the face, i.e. facial trustworthiness and social description, and how these two factors influence individuals’ attitude towards a newly-met person, and their judgment with regard to warmth and competence.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>An experiment was conducted, asking participants to rate their impression in terms of warmth and compe- tence towards an individual whose facial appearance was manipulated either to be trustworthy or untrustworthy, and whose behavior was described in a short vignette.</p> <p><strong>Main Findings: </strong>The results indicated that social description had a significant influence on both warmth and competence impressions. Facial trustworthiness had no effect. It was also discovered that competence was found to be generally judged more positive than warmth, which implied judgment of warmth was made more reservedly.</p> <p><strong>Implications: </strong>The study would serve as an antecedent to further investigation on managing people’s impression towards oneself, in which such management aids in developing and maintaining positive personal relationship amongst human beings. The study will demonstrate a new vision to the researchers in cognition and perception on exploring approaches to define the mechanism involved in impression formation or attitude.</p> <p><strong>Novelty: </strong>Researchers trust that currently there is still no related research that would determine the direction and strength of effect from facial trustworthiness and social description.</p> 2019-03-03T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY LITERACY LEVEL OF NEWLY ENROLLED FEMALE COLLEGE STUDENTS IN JAPAN 2019-03-25T23:45:58+00:00 Tomoko Nishikawa Guido Izuta <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>The objective of the study was to assess the self-assessment of information literacy among newly enrolled Japanese female college student in what concerns to the ability to operate office applications; namely, word processors, spreadsheets and presentation software. In addition, researchers also investigated the time period when they started using them.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>A survey was performed on 272 junior college female students of humanities courses and 41 college students of nutrition science course in April 2018, right after their entrance ceremonies. Statistical free software R was used to process the data, which consisted of chi-square test of independence for a contingency table, and correspondence analysis. The parameters assessed were (1) self-evaluation of the ability to use office applications, and (2) the period of time the students started using time.</p> <p><strong>Main Findings: </strong>‘Upper intermediate’ level students in word processors were correlated with the period around ‘Class in elementary school’ or ‘Class in junior high school’. By contrast, ‘Upper intermediate’ level students in spreadsheeting were associated with the first contact in a ‘Class in junior high school’ or ‘Class in high school’. Presentation software has been used frequently since elementary school up to high school and its club activities. Finally, the results suggest that ‘Advanced’ level students were taught how to use all these applications from family members.</p> <p><strong>Implications: </strong>These findings may help teachers to improve their academic curriculum in order to fill the gap between those who are skilled and those who are not. They also can give useful hints to explore new teaching methods on information literacy subjects in higher education.</p> <p><strong>Novelty: </strong>The results suggest that that the period of time that students had their first contact with the applications affects the awareness of their importance and the motivation to learn them.</p> 2019-03-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## ISLAM AND DISASTER: A REFINED CONCEPT THROUGH COMMUNITY’S DISASTER PERCEPTION OF POST THE 2004 INDIAN OCEAN TSUNAMI 2019-03-25T23:45:58+00:00 Fatimahsyam . Sehat Ihsan Shadiqin Alfi Rahman <p><strong>Purpose of the study:</strong>The purpose of this study is to present the Islamic conception on the disasters that accepted by the communityfrom a case of Aceh of post the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong>The data was collected from several interviews with the key persons in tsunami-affected areas. The interviewed key persons were<em>Tengkus</em> or <em>Ulamas</em>who havea role in constructing the community disaster perception, community members and related stakeholders. The interview results were identified and coded based on the similarity and related to the study purpose.</p> <p><strong>Main Findings:</strong>The interpretation of disaster based on the religious context of post the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami has been trended negatively to construct the community’s disaster perception. The perceptions are most driven by the key person in society such as <em>Tengkus</em> or <em>Ulamas</em>but it seems to be far from disaster risk reduction goals. The disaster risk reduction efforts should pay on this matter in order to make community more resilient to face future disasters.</p> <p><strong>Applications of this study:</strong>This study can be useful as the important noted in strengthening and managing disaster risk perception through community disaster preparedness based on scientific explanation and its relationship to the religious perspectives. The findings from this study could be included through the disaster risk reduction effort, policy, programs.</p> <p><strong>Novelty/Originalityof this study:</strong>The originality of this study lays on the fact that the religious leaders in the community such as <em>Tengkus</em>or <em>Ulama </em>of post the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami take roles in constructing the community disaster perceptions. Researchers have not yet fully studied the development process of disaster perception based on the religious perspectives of post-disaster and how to deal on it.</p> 2019-02-06T13:02:37+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE SUNNAH LAKE OF MUSLIMAH: SALAFI WOMEN, THE MANHAJ AND ONLINE MEDIA 2019-03-25T23:45:58+00:00 Yuyun Sunesti Noorhaidi Hasan Muhammad Najib Azca <p><strong>Purpose of the study:</strong> This paper analyses the use of internet by salafi women especially in an online group named Telaga Sunnah Muslimah (The Sunnah Lake of Muslimah-TSM).</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Applying content analysis by analyzing the messages shared within TSM WhatsApp Groups discussion, this paper analyses the agency which salafi women play through their internet usage, especially in online media they use.</p> <p><strong>Main Findings:</strong> Viewed as passive, voiceless and subordinated group, they use internet as media for reproducing knowledge, expressing their voice and negotiating their identity. While salafi manhaj requires them to strictly limit their appearance in public space, the online space has facilitated them to have more spaces to exist beyond their offline world</p> <p><strong>Applications of this study:</strong> The study gives an understanding on how a closed women group plays their agency to negotiate their boundary within modern world.</p> <p><strong>Novelty/Originality of this study:</strong> While salafi women are commonly viewed as having no agency, this paper found their agency through their online media usage.</p> 2019-02-05T11:17:44+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL ORIENTATION IN ACHIEVING ORGANIZATION PERFORMANCE THROUGH BUSINESS MODEL INNOVATION AND ASSET RELATIONAL COLLABORATION 2019-03-25T23:45:58+00:00 Sandra Dewi Amiruddin Ahamat <p><strong>Purpose of the study: </strong>This study examines the role of entrepreneurial orientation in achieving the best performance of the firm through the mediation of business model innovation and strategic relational assets as intangible assets that are inimitable.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>The study was conducted in 105 private hospitals in Indonesia, affected by the reform of the regulation and influenced by digital disruption, which triggered the disruptive change. This study used a quantitative method and processed by Structural Equation Modelling program for quantitative data analysis.</p> <p><strong>Main Findings: </strong>The results of this study concluded that the entrepreneurial orientation of the hospital has a significant positive impact on the achievement of organizational performance, either directly or with the mediation of business model innovation and the collaboration between hospital management and the physicians.</p> <p><strong>Applications of this study: </strong>This study proved to be a critical determinant for the business model innovation and the growth of hospital performance.</p> <p><strong>Novelty/Originality of this study:</strong>As the theoretical contribution of this study is to enrich the development of entrepreneurial orientation concept as a part of organizational entrepreneurship which emphasizes the relationship of the stakeholders of an industry, through integration with some concepts and theories in strategic management such as resource-based theory, business model innovation and stakeholder theory.</p> 2019-02-05T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## MANAGING STUDENTS & EMPLOYEES THROUGH COLLEGE INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (CIMS) – A CASE STUDY: SHINAS COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY (SHCT), OMAN 2019-02-04T10:03:55+00:00 Maryam Humaid Ali Al Briki M. Firdouse Rahman Khan <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>The objectives of the study were to critically analyze the effectiveness of CIMS in completing the registration / academic advising process at Shinas College of Technology and to critically analyze the effective functions of the CIMS to fulfill the role played by the CIMS.</p> <p><strong>Design/methodology/approach: </strong>For this research study, Simple random sampling method in selecting the samples of the survey. 180 samples were collected which include the faculty, students and users of the College Information Management System (CIMS) from Shinas College of Technology (ICT). The collected data underwent analysis using the SPSS and the findings were interpreted.</p> <p><strong>Findings: </strong>The study reveals that CIMS is characterized by its multiple functions; is user-friendly and flexible. CIMS has met the expectations of most of the users, despite the presence of a few technical problems requiring improvement.Educational Technology Center (ETC) ensures smooth, secure, safe and fast access. CIMS is subject to continuous assessment through periodic follow up by the Educational College Center from any external attacks etc. which is a welcoming feature.</p> <p><strong>Research limitations/Implications: </strong>The study suggests that CIMS users should be given training on the updates and necessary training to the CIMS maintenance crew.</p> <p><strong>Social implications: </strong>The study suggests thatthere is only a small group of individuals who handles and manages the entire program - installation of CIMS and periodic follow-up etc. and technical expertise is needed at the college level.</p> <p><strong>Originality/Value: </strong>No study have ever examined the Information Management System of HEIs in Oman.</p> 2019-02-03T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##