USING NS-2 COMPARISON OF GEOGRAPHICAL AND TOPOLOGICAL MULTICAST ROUTING PROTOCOLS ON WIRELESS AD HOC NETWORKS

  • Gulbir Singh Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Bengal College of Engineering and Technology, West Bengal, India.
  • Dr. Om Prakash Dubey Dept. of Mathematics, Bengal College of Engineering and Technology, West Bengal, India.
  • Shailendra Kumar Rawat Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Bengal College of Engineering and Technology, West Bengal, India.
Keywords: NS-2, Adhoc Networks, Multicast Routing.

Abstract

Performance evaluation of geographical and topological multicast routing algorithms for cellular Wi-Fi ad-hoc networks is offered. Flooding and On-call for Multicast Routing Protocol (ODMRP) are simulated and in comparison with novels protocols: Topological Multicast Routing (ToMuRo) and Geographical Multicast Routing (GeMuRo) in pedestrian and vehicular situations. The situations evaluated recollect one multicast transmitter and one, two and three multicast receivers under numerous mobility and transmission levels.

The conduct of 150 nodes is evaluated in terms of cease to end postpone (EED), jitter, packet delivery ratio, and overhead. Consequences display that ToMuRo is suitable for pedestrian eventualities because of its tree-based structure and GeMuRo is right for vehicular situations because its miles based on a mesh topology.

References

[1] R. A. Santosh, A. Gonzalez, L. Villasenor, M. Garcia-Ruiz, V. Rangel, A. Edwars; Analysis of Topological and Geographical Multicast Routing Algorithms on Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Electronic and Electrical Engineering; ISSN-1392-1215; 2008; No.82.

[2] Deering S. E., Cheriton D. R.; Multicast Routing in Datagram Inter-networks and Extended LANs, ACM Transactions on Computer Systems. 1990. Vol. 8, No. 2, Pg. 85–110.

[3] Moy J.; Multicast Routing Extensions for OSPF , Communications of the ACM; 1994, Vol. 37, No. 8, Pg. 61–66.

[4] Ballardie T., Francis P. and Crowcroft J.; Core Based Trees (CBT) – An Architecture for Scalable Inter-Domain Multicast Routing , Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM´93; 1993, Pg. 85–95.

[5] Deering D., Estrin D. L., Farinacci D., Jacobson V., Liu C.G., and Wei L.; The PIM Architecture for Wide-Area Multicast Routing; IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking; 1999, Vol. 4, No.2, Pg.153–162.

[6] Xie J, Talpade R., Mcauley A., Liu M. Am; Route: Ad Hoc Multicast Routing Protocol; Mobile Networks and Applications; 2002, Vol. 7, No. 6, Pg. 429– 439.

[7] Sang Ho Bae, Sung-ju Lee, William Su, Gerla M.; The Design, Implementation, and Performance Evaluation of the On-Demand Multicast Routing Protocol in Multihop Wireless
Networks, IEEE Network; 2000, Pg. 70–77.

[8] Wu C. W., Tay Y. C. AMRIS; A Multicast Protocol for Ad hoc Wireless Networks , Proceedings of IEEE MILCOM´99; 1999.

[9] Garcia-Luna-Aceves J. J., Madruga E. L.; The Core Assisted Mesh Protocol ; IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in
Communications; 1999, Vol. 17, No. 8.

[10] Elizabeth M. Royer, Charles E. Perkins; Multicast Operation of the Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol , Mobile Computing and Networking; 1999; Pg. 207–218.

[11] Jorjeta G. Jetcheva, David B. Johnson; Adaptive Demand- Driven Multicast Routing in Multi-Hop Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks; Proceedings of the second symposium on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking and Computing (MobiHoc 2001); 2001.

[12] Giuseppe Caizzone, Walter Erangoli, Paolo Giacomazzi, and Giacomo Verticale; A Novel Location-Based MulticastProtocol for Ad-hoc Networks , International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications; 2006, Pg. 1–5.

[13] Fazli Erbas, Kyandoghere Kyamakya, Klaus Jobmann; Modeling and Performance Analysis of a Novel Positionbased Reliable Unicast and Multicast Routing Method Using Coloured Petri Nets , Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC 2003-Fall); 2003, Vol. 5, Pg. 3099–3104.

[14] Nen-Chung Wang and Yu-Li Su; A Power-Aware Multicast Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks with Mobility Prediction; Conference on Local Computer Networks. 2005.
Published
2017-01-24
Section
Articles