SEVERAL METHODS OF FEATURE EXTRACTION TO HELP IN OPTICAL CHARACTER RECOGNITION
An Optical Character Recognition (OCR) consists of three bold steps namely Preprocessing, Feature extraction, Classification. Methods of Feature extraction yield feature vectors based on which the classification of a testing pattern is executed. The paper aims at proposing some methods of feature extraction that may go a long way to recognize a Bengali numeral or character. Pixel Ex-OR Method presents a digital gating (Ex-OR) technique to extract the information in an image. Two successive elements of a row in image matrix have been Ex-ORed and the output is again Ex-ORed with the next element. Alphabetical coding codes a binary character image by means of letters of English alphabet. Directional features find gradient information using Sobel Masks to make position of stroke clear in an image. The features have been derived in eight standard directions and then these eight feature vectors are merged into four sets of features to reduce the system complexity and hence processing time is saved considerably. These features will help develop a Bengali numeral recognition system.
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