Main Article Content

Viswanadham Silaparasetti
G V. R. Srinivasarao
Firdouse Rahman Khan


construction projects, Key-factors, construction workers, Social Entrepreneurship, Occupational Health & Safety



This paper critically analyzes and assesses the various factors of occupational health and safety (OHS), and elucidate the factors affecting construction workers’ behavior in different construction projects of Oman. It aims to create Occupational Health and Safety awareness in construction workers working for Social Entrepreneurs in Oman.


Two hundred and fifty-two construction workers from various projects were selected based on a simple random sampling basis, and the data was collected through a well-defined questionnaire.


The study shows that workers favor communication in the improvement of workers’ behavior in the industrial and infrastructure construction projects.Education and training help in capacity building and skills development and contributes towards sustainable positive OHS result in petrochemical construction projects. Management commitment plays a major part to maintain a sustained hazard free environment in building construction projects. The study also shows that the Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) factors –OHS policies, health care, communication, management commitment, education and training and workers’ behavior, have a direct impact on health and safety results towards social entrepreneurship of creating awareness in the construction sectors of Oman.


A model named Construction Industries Influencing Factors Framework (CIIFF) Model, has been developed with the orientation of workers’ behavior which can be developed further making improvements in the existing mechanism and the factors influencing can be dealt with wider procedures to ensure improvements.


The model may help in creating tools that are more effective to reduce Occupational Health and Safety related accidents and property damages in a construction project. 


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 232 | PDF Downloads 138


1. Alazab, R.M.A.(2004), “Work-related diseases and occupational injuries among workers in the construction industry,” Afr Newslett on Occupational Health and Safety, Volume.14, pp. 37–42.
2. Autenrieth, D.A., Brazil, W.J., Sandfort, D.R., Douphrate, D.I., Roman-Muniz, i.n. And Reynolds, S.J.(2016), “The associations between occupational health and safety management system programming level and prior injury and illness rates in the U.S Dairy industry, “Safety Science, Volume. 84, PP. 108-116.
3. Chan, I.Y.S., Leung, M.Y. and Liu, A.M.M. (2016), “Occupational health management system: A study of expatriate construction professionals,” Accident Analysis and Prevention, Volume. 93, PP. 280-290.
4. Chau, N., Mur, J.M., Benamghar, L., Siegfried, C., Dangelzer, J.L., Français, M., Jacquin, R. and Sourdot, A.(2004),“Relationships between certain individual characteristics and occupational injuries for various jobs in the construction industry: a case-control study,”American journal of industrial medicine, Volume. 45, Issue. 1, pp. 84-92.
5. Cheng, C. W., Leu, S. S., Lin, C. C. and Fan, C. (2010), “Characteristic analysis of occupational accidents at small construction enterprises”, Safety Science, Volume. 48, pp. 698–707.
6. Fang, D.P., Xie, F., Huang, X.Y. and Li, H. (2004), “Factor analysis-based studies on construction workplace safety management in China”, International Journal of Project Management. Volume. 22, Issue. 1, pp. 43-49.
7. Haadir, S.AL. and Panuwatwanich, K.(2011), “Critical success factors for safety program implementation among construction companies in Saudi Arabia”, Science Direct-Procedia Engineering. 14 (2011), PP. 148-155.
8. Hair, J.F., Tatham, R.L., Anderson, R.E., and Black, W.C. (1998), “Multivariate Data Analysis,” 5th Ed, Prentice Hall, ISBN-10-0138948585, Rumford, ME, USA.
9. Hair, J.F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J., and Anderson, R.E. (2010), “Multivariate data analysis,” 7th ED., Pearson, ISBN-10-0138132631, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
10. Kim,M.C., Park, J. and Jung, W. (2008), “Sentence completeness analysis for improving team communications of safety critical system operators’, Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Volume.21, issue 3, pp. 255-259.
11. Kines, P., Andersen, L.P., Spangenberg, S., Mikkelsen, K.L., Dyreborg, J. and Zohar, D. (2010), “Improving construction site safety through leader-based verbal safety communication,”Journal of Safety Research, Volume.21, issue. 4, pp. 399-406.
12. Lee, C. K., and Jaafar, Y. (2012), “Prioritization of Factors Influencing Safety Performance on Construction Sites: A Study Based on Grade Seven (G7) Main Contractors’ Perspectives”, International Proceedings of Economics Development and Research, Volume. 57, Issue. 2, pp. 6-12.
13. Lee, Y.J., and Lee, D. (2015), "Factors influencing learning satisfaction of migrant workers in Korea with E-Learning- Based occupational safety and health education, “Safety and health at work, Volume. 6, PP. 211-217.
14. Michael, J.H., Guo, Z.G., Wiedenbeck, J.K. and Ray, C.D. (2006), “Production Supervisor impacts on subordinates' safety outcomes: An investigation of leader-member exchange and safety communication, “Journal of Safety Research. Volume 37, issue.5, pp. 469-477.
15. Ndegwa, P.W., Guyo, W. and Orwa, G. (2014), “The Influence of Management Support in the Implementation of Occupational Safety and Health Programmes in the Manufacturing Sector in Kenya,” International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Volume. 4, Issue. 9, pp. 490-506.
16. Nordlof, H., Wiitavaara, B., Hogberg, H., and Westerling, R. (2017), “A Cross-sectional study of factors influencing occupational health and safety management practices in companies,”Safety Science, Volume. 95, PP. 92-103.
17. Ramnath, B.V., Kumar, C.S., Riyaz, M., Venkataraman, K., Elanchezhian, C., and Sathish, S. (2014), "Analysis of occupational safety and health of workers by implementing Ergonomic based kitting assembly system, “Science Direct- Procedia Engineering, Volume. 97, pp. 1788-1797.
18. Ran Guo, H. G., Ching, Y, C., Yu, W.Y., Wan, C. C. and Yueliang, L.G. (2004), “Prevalence of Musculoskeletal disorder among workers in Taiwan: A Nationwide Study,”Journal Occupational health,” Volume. 46, pp. 26-36.
19. Tam, C.M., Zeng, S.X. And Deng, Z.M. (2004), “Identifying elements of poor construction Safety Management in China,” Safety Science, Volume 42, pp. 569–586.
20. Torner, M. and Pousette, A. (2009),“Safety in construction – a comprehensive description of the characteristics of high safety standards in construction work, from the combined perspective of supervisors and experienced workers, “Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 40, issue. 6, pp. 399-409.
21. Zubar, H.A., Visagavel, K., Raja, V.D. and Mohan. A. (2014), “Occupational health and safety management in manufacturing industries, “Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, Volume. 73, PP. 381-386.