Quantitative Approach to determine Pedestrian Delay and Level of Service at Signalized Intersection
Pedestrians are most vulnerable at intersections as they share the same space with motorized vehicles for crossing movements. Researches have been conducted to measure the Pedestrian Level of Service (PLoS) at signalized intersections based on the user perception, physical dimensions or geometric conditions of the pedestrian facilities.
The multiple linear regression models established to determine PLoS evolved with addition or removal of one or more physical parameters or with respect to the perception of users from different locations. Pedestrian movement and corresponding pedestrian delay is dependent on the cycle time and vehicular volume of signalized intersection. The methodology to determine pedestrian level of service should not only dependent on the quality of service measures but should be developed on a quantitative basis similar to Vehicular Level of Service (VLoS).
At an intersection, there is little or no established methodology developed so far to determine a quantitative approach for PLoS. This study was built on the hypothesis that pedestrian delay of a signalized intersection is a function of pedestrian volume, vehicular volume and cycle time. Using various statistical techniques, this study developed an empirical model between the pedestrian delay as dependent variable and the independent variables namely cycle time, pedestrian volume and vehicular volume. PLoS range was also determined through k-means clustering technique.
Akcelik, R. 1988. “The Highway Capacity Manual Delay Formula for Signalized Intersections;.” ITE Journal: 23-27.
Annual Report, National Transportation Planning and Research Centre, Kerala State Council for Science, Technology and Environment, Thiruvananthapuram, 2010-2011.
Aravind, H. et al. 2010. “A sample approach to clustering in excel.” International Journal of Computer Applications (0975-8887), Volume II – No 7.
Archana, G., and Reshma, E.K. 2011. “Analysis of pedestrian level of service for crosswalk at Intersections for urban condition.” International Journal of Students Research in Technology & Management, Vol 1 (06): 604-609.
Comprehensive Mobility Plan for Jaipur, Jaipur Development Authority, 2010.
Darma, Y., M. R. Karim., J. Mohamad., and S. Abdullah. 2005. “Control delay variability at signalized intersection based on HCM method.” Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 5: 945 - 958.
Highway Capacity Manual, 2010. Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington DC.
Highway Capacity Manual, 2000. Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington DC.
Indian Highway Capacity Manual (INDO-HCM). Central Road Research Institute, Report submitted to Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi, 2017.
Jain, A., A. Gupta, and R. Rastogi. 2014. “Pedestrian crossing behaviour analysis at Intersections.” International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering, 4(1): 103 – 116. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7708/ijtte.2014.4(1).08
Jensen, S. U. 2012. “Pedestrian and Bicycle Level of Service at Intersections, Roundabouts and other Crossings.” Transportation Research Board, 01474921, 13-0950
Lee, J. Y. S., W. H. K. Lam., and M. L. Tam. 2005. “Calibration of Pedestrian Simulation Model for Signalized Crosswalk in Hong Kong.” Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 5: 1337 - 1351.
Muraleetharan, T., T. Adachi., T. Hagiwara., and S. Kagaya. 2005. “Method to determine pedestrian level-of-service for Crosswalks at urban intersections.” Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 6: 127 - 136.
Pécheux, K. K., M. T. Pietrucha., and P. P. Jovanis. “User Perception of Level of Service at Signalized Intersections: Methodological Issues.” Transportation Research Circular E-C018: 4th International Symposium on Highway Capacity: 322-335
Singh, K., and Jain, P.K. 2011. “Methods of Assessing Pedestrian Level of Service.” Journal of Engineering Research and Studies, E-ISSN 0976-7916, Vol.II, Issue I,116-124
Subotić, M., V. Radičević., D. Anđelković., and Z. Joševski. 2013. “Pedestrian walking speed at signalized crossings.” Mechanics Transport Communications article, Academic Journal, ISSN 1312-3823; volume 11, issue 3.
Wang, X., and Z. Tian. 2010. “Pedestrian Delay at Signalized Intersections with a Two-Stage Crossing Design.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2173, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington: 133–138. doi: 10.3141/2173-16.
Wilke, A., J. Ward., and S. McLaughlin. 2011. “Improving Pedestrian LoS at Traffic Signals." IPENZ Transportation Group Conference Auckland.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2018 Ammu Gopalakrishnan, Sewa Ram, Pradip Kumar Sarkar
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.