Bench-marking for Accessibility and connectivity of Indian Airports

  • Amal Jose PhD Research Scholar, Department of Transport Planning, School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi
  • Sewa Ram Professor, Department of Transport Planning, School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi
Keywords: Benchmarks, Accessibility, Connectivity, Index, Indicators


Since 2015, International aviation sector has witnessed an exceptional transformation of Indian air transport with a growth rate of 15-20%. It is also predicted to maintain a similar trend for not less than 4-5 years. However, transporting 400-500 million people a year with the existing facilities and infrastructure will inversely affect the sector. Thus we require an efficient and well-equipped airport network throughout the country to cater the needs of the future demand. Benchmarks are said to be the vital part of every planning standards and processes. Study focuses on 109 airports of India (including upcoming airports in UDAN) and covers a critical evaluation of airport to airport connection as well as airport accessibility to and fro. This paper analyses all the benchmarking parameters, namely ‘indicators’, those influence connectivity and accessibility of these airports. Using statistical tools, it evaluates the existing network, makes a comparative investigation and models the entire network to frame individual and overall benchmarks. Based on these benchmarks, study recommends few strategies to be adopted for the next 5 years to address the increasing demand of Indian aviation sector.


Air Transport Action Group, “Aviation benefits beyond borders,” ATAG, Geneva, 2016.
Airport Authority of India, “Annexure IIIA,” AAI, New Delhi, 2017.
International Air Transport Association, “20 Year Passenger Forecast,” February 2017. [Online]. Available:
International Civil Aviation Organization, “Enhancement of Air Transport Connectivity and Facilitation,” Montréal, 2013.
Bamford and Robinson, “Geography of transport,” Macdonald & Evans, Plymouth, 1978.
R. Guimera, M. Sales-Pardo and L. A. Amaral, “Classes of complex networks definedby role-to-role connectivity profiles,” Nature Physics, pp. 3(1):63-69, 2007.
“Enhancement Of Air Transport Connectivity And Facilitation”.
T. Litman, “Evaluating Accessibility for Transport Planning,” Victoria Transport Policy Institute, Victoria, 2017.
J.-P. Rodrigue, C. Comtois and B. Slack, The Geography of Transport Systems, 4th ed., New York: Routledge, 2016.
L. A. Hoel and H. W. Shriner, “Evaluating improvements in landsilde access for Airports,” Department of Transportation & The University of Virginia, Virginia, 1998.
G. Burghouwt, “Airline Network Development in Europe and its Implications for Airport Planning,” Aldershot, 2007.
G. Burghouwt and R. Redondi, “Connectivity in air transport networks: models, measures and applications,” 2009.
R. J. Wilson, Introduction to Graph Theory, 4 ed., Essex, 1996.
P. Malighetti, S. Paleari and R. Redondi, “Connectivity of the European airport network: “Self-help hubbing” and business implications,” Journal of Air Transport Management, vol. 2, no. 15, pp. 53-65, 2008.
Y. Asakura and K. Masuo, “Road network reliability caused by daily fluctuation of traffic flow,” in In Proceedings of the 19th PTRC, Briton, 1991.
K. Lyman, “Travel Time Reliability in Regional Transportation Planning,” 2007.
L. Elefteriadou and X. Cui, “Review of Definitions of Travel Time Reliability,” 2005.
WSDOT, “Travel Time Reliability,” Department of Transportation, Texas, 2001.
M. Chen, “Travel time based congestion measures,” Department of Transportation, Kentuky, 2010.
D. P. Racca and D. T. Brown, “Study and Calculation of Travel Time Reliability Measures,” Delaware Department of Transportation, Delaware, 2012.
Ministry of Road and Highways, “Highway Capacity Manual: Draft,” MoRTH, New Delhi, 2010.
A. M. Rao and R. K. Rao, “Free Speed Modeling for Urban Arterials - A Case Study on Delhi,” Transportation Engineering, pp. 111-119, 30 October 2014.
A.-L. Barabasi and R. Albert, “Emergence of Scaling in Random networks,” Science, vol. 286, p. 509, 1999.
G. Bagler, “Analysis of the Airport Network of India as a complex weighted network,” Physica A, vol. 387, no. 12, pp. 2972-2980, 2008.
W. Li and X. Cai, “Statistical analysis of airport network of China,” Phys. Rev. E, vol. 69, no. 4, p. 046106, 2004.
S. Paleari, R. Redondi and P. Malighetti, “A comparative study of airport connectivity in China, Europe and US: which network provides the best service to passengers?,” Transportation Research Part E Logistics and Transportation Review, 2010.
Tan, Steinbach and Kumar, Cluster Analysis: Basic Concepts, Minnesota: DM Book, 2004.
Department of Transportation, “Highway Capacity manual,” Transportation Research Board, Washington D.C., 2000.
Taxas A & M Transportation Institute, “Texas A & M Transportation Institute,” 2010. [Online]. Available: [Accessed 05 March 2017].
R. C. Sekhar, M. E., K. B. and G. S., “Analysis of travel time reliability of an urban corridor using micro simulation techniques,” Current Science, New Delhi, 2013.
How to Cite
Jose, A. and Ram, S. (2018) “Bench-marking for Accessibility and connectivity of Indian Airports”, International Journal of Students’ Research in Technology & Management, 6(1). Available at: (Accessed: 23March2018).
Research Article