International Journal of Students' Research in Technology & Management <p>International Journal of Students' Research in Technology &amp; Management [eISSN 2321-2543] is a special journal of its kind in publishing the original research and review articles of early researchers of technology &amp; management domain.</p> en-US <p>Authors retain copyright for the published content.</p> (Dr Jenny Hope) (Mr David Green) Wed, 20 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 INTEGRATION OF ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS EDUCATION AND NATURAL SCIENCE ON PHOTOSYNTHESIS EXPERIMENTS <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>This study aims to determine the material integration of Islamic religious education and natural science on photosynthesis experiments.</p> <p><strong>M</strong><strong>ethodology: </strong>This research is library research. Data obtained from a literature review. The analytical method used is conceptual-descriptive.</p> <p><strong>Findings: </strong>The results of the study show that there are two topics of natural science material experiments closely relatedtoscientific cues on QS. Yasin verse 80, QS. Nuh verse 16, and QS. Thaha verse 53.&nbsp; Those topics are about light and photosynthesis. Light (an-nur) is one of the names of letters in the Qur'an. Photosynthesis experiments can explain the relationship of light interpretation materially. Sunlight is the main source of energy for the life of all living things in the world. For plants especially those with chlorophyll, sunlight greatly determines photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is a basic process in plants to produce food. The food produced will determine the availability of energy for plant growth and development. Low light intensity has three choices, namely: reduction of respiration speed, increase in leaf area to obtain a larger surface absorption of light; and increased photosynthetic velocity per unit of light energy and leaf area.</p> <p><strong>Applications: </strong>This study can be used by Islamic education institution for education, research, and community services.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Novelty/Originality: </strong>This study is the integration between scientific cues and natural science experiment material.</p> Dewi Nurhayati Arum Mawar Sari, Anjanisa Nailil Muna, Muslimah Susilayati ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 26 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000 THE CONCEPT OF PRIVACY AND ITS ROLE IN CREATING ORIGINAL PERSIAN SPACES <p><strong>Purpose:</strong>This article seeks to demonstrate the reasons and origin of the presence of architectural sanctum, based on the quality of human-environment relationship.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Researcher used qualitative method and analytical-descriptive research method, after explaining the effective principles and approaches in understanding the subject and examining it from the perspective of different approaches, it is analysed in examples that each of them has been effective in some ways in creating real quality in architecture space.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong>The obtained results show how the true and pure quality search in space, which rising from the harmony of architectural sanctums with the human nature's desires, has been converted into plain impressions of privacy in some contemporary approaches and to deep conceptual references related to it in others.</p> <p><strong>Implications:</strong>Understanding the concept of privacy in architecture and identifying its defining criteria provides a framework for evaluating the qualities of these approaches. Hence, this paper sets out its discussion by answering these questions: "What is privacy, how does it emerge in Iranian architecture, and how do the inhabitants of these spaces respond to it?"</p> Faeze Yazdani Rostam, Anoosha Kia, Azadeh Sadeghian, Mahdieh Khosravi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 09 Mar 2019 00:00:00 +0000 GREEN CABBAGE (BRASSICA CAMPESTRIS) GROWTH SEEDLINGS BY OPTIMIZING OF CHICKEN MANURE CONCENTRATION IN SOIL MIXTURE <p><strong>Purpose of the study: </strong>Green cabbage (Brassica campestris) is a kind of vegetable with good quality in nutrient and economical for people.&nbsp; It could be planted in a small area seems like in home around.&nbsp; Chicken manure was the fertilizer that could get from the farming area.&nbsp; The productivity of Green cabbage through with nutrient in soil quality.&nbsp; Fertilizer was one of alternative could be done for plant nutrient by simply using to against deficiency growth.&nbsp; The purpose of this research is to optimize chicken manure using as fertilizer.&nbsp; Optimizing was done by mixture in water solvent.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>Experiment was done by quantitative research in height plant analysis.&nbsp; The soil was taken from Joyo Imran Street Cabean region in Salatiga city that had 27°C degrees in daily average.&nbsp; Planting was done in plastic bag consisted of chicken manure concentrations in soil at 0% (w/w); 20% (w/w); 30% (w/w); 40% (w/w); and 50% (w/w) mixture.&nbsp; Height measurement was done on the 10th day after planting.</p> <p><strong>Main Findings: </strong>The optimum yield was obtained on 40% (w/w) mixed variation of chicken manure.&nbsp; It had a high increase in growing seedlings.</p> <p><strong>Applications of this study: </strong>One of various fertilizers is creating chicken manure farmer using fertilizer in 40 % (w/w) mixture from chicken manure because this kind of fertilizer was better than other and had an economical.</p> <p><strong>Novelty/Originality of this study: </strong>The fertilizing system had lacked in over, especially for decreasing soil quality and plant growth.&nbsp; Therefore, optimization of used fertilizer in the soil mixture needs to be done to see the effect.&nbsp; In this research optimization of the used (<a href="#Jonge">de Jonge et al., 2018</a>) fertilizer in soil mix was carried out. The optimization is done to the variation of concentration of amount fertilizer to the soil in the mixture.&nbsp; The analysis of the growth of green cabbage was carried out from measurements height of plant that grew with 10 days.</p> Nurul Maghfiroh, Arif Billah, Khusna Widhyahrini ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000 THE COMPARISON OF RICE (OryzasativaL.) CULTIVATION IN POLYBAG TO CULTIVATION IN LOWLAND <p><strong>Purpose of the study: </strong>Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the main food consumed by Indonesian people even in Asia. The various innovations in rice cultivation still being developed in order to increase the yield both in quantity and quality. In general, rice cultivation is planted in the lowland. The research aims to know the comparison the rice cultivation in a polybag to rice cultivation in the lowland.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>The size of polybag that used in the experiment is 40x40 cm with space 50 cm of each other. The experiment is conducted in Nganjuk, East Java, Indonesia. The variables studied are rice yield and rice varieties. The varieties used are Ciherang and Sertani 12.</p> <p><strong>Main Findings: </strong>The result showed that the yield of rice production includes the number of filled grains, total grain, panicle number in polybag more than in lowland. Rice cultivation produces 2 kg/m<sup>2</sup> in a polybag and 1 kg/m<sup>2</sup> in the lowland. The panicle number of rice in polybag is more than in lowland, i.e: 12 in a polybag and 6 in the lowland. For the rice variety, Ciherang and Sertani 12 have the same yield in a polybag. It is 2 kg/m<sup>2</sup>.</p> <p><strong>Applications of this study: </strong>The rice cultivation in polybag has easy cultivation system and suitable for urban areas where agricultural land is limited. Besides, it can be the solution for decreasing agriculture land from time to time.</p> <p><strong>Novelty/Originality of this study: </strong>The novelty of this research is the use of polybag as the media of rice cultivation which is not commonly done in farming.</p> Rina Royani Royani, Erna Risfaula Kusumawati, Fenny Widiyanti, Hesti Ariestina ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 24 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000 APPLICATION OF FUZZY GOAL PROGRAMMING TO DETERMINE THE OPTIMAL CULTIVATION CROPS MODEL <p>According to the role and importance of farm management units, using mathematical programming models have an important role in determining optimal cultivation pattern. This study represents theory and applying of fuzzy goal programming model in determination of optimal cultivation pattern considering different goals. Analyzing of fuzzy goal programming model in addition to applying it in determination of optimal cultivation pattern of Ferdowsi University farm has been showed in this study. The results indicate that making flexibility in model coefficients - because of deficiency in information- with fuzzy idea, remove this deficiency extremely and conditions of cultivation pattern relatively improve then inputs and sources are applied optimally.</p> Farshad Mohammadian, Mohammad Heydari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000