International Journal of Tourism & Hospitality Reviews http://giapjournals.com/index.php/ijthr <p>International Journal of Tourism &amp; Hospitality Reviews [eISSN 2395-7654] aims to&nbsp;publish most updated research results, reviews, news on recent development in travel &amp; tourism studies, hospitality studies, aviation studies and related domains.&nbsp;</p> GIAP Journals en-US International Journal of Tourism & Hospitality Reviews 2395-7654 <p>Authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content.<strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> 3rd International Research conference on Ecotourism & Environment (Souvenier) http://giapjournals.com/index.php/ijthr/article/view/639 <p><strong>Object:</strong> To provide a platform to Vice Chancellors, Educational Administrators, College Principals, Deans, Professors, Readers, Associate Professors, Assistant Professors, Scientists, Environmentalist, Researchers, Young scientists and Post Graduate Students to disseminate knowledge related to&nbsp;Ecotourism &amp; Environment.<strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Theme</strong>: To take some positive steps towards improving our Ecotourism &amp; Environment for future generation.<strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Goal</strong>: The moral obligation to act sustainably as an obligation to protect the natural processes that form the context of human life and culture, emphasizing those large biotic and abiotic systems essential to human life, health, and flourishing culture. Ecotourism and Environment, which are understood as dynamic, self-organizing systems humans have evolved within, must remain 'healthy' if humans are to thrive. The principal goal of this conference will be to present some of the latest outstanding breakthroughs in Ecotourism and Environment, to bring together both young and experienced scientists from all regions of the world, and to open up avenues for research collaborations at regional and global level.<strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>The general topics covered in conference will be as under:</strong></p> <p><strong>Ecotourism</strong> is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial mass tourism. <strong>Ecosystem: </strong>Aquatic, Terrestrial and Areal ecosystem, Ecology, Ecosystem and its conservation measure. &nbsp;<strong>Wildlife: </strong>Animal Behavior and Wildlife Conservation, Endangered, Threatened and Endemic Species Conservation, Strategy for wildlife conservation.</p> <p><strong>National and World Heritage: </strong>Heritage and Tourism, Importance of tourist, Tourist need, Eco-Tourism.<strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Technological Approach for sustainable development</strong>: Method and Technique for Ecotourism and Environment management, Bio-indicator, Application of bio-technology, Rural bio-technology, Tools and technique, Bio-markers, Climate change and Ecosystem management. Role of N.G.O. for Ecotourism, Environment, Wildlife and Heritage conservation<strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>The general topics covered in the conference: </strong>Research Needs in Ecotourism<strong>, </strong>Research Needs in Environment conservation<strong>, </strong>Action plane for Ecotourism and Environment<strong>, </strong>Policy in Ecotourism and Environment conservation<strong>, </strong>Sustainable Ecotourism Development<strong>, </strong>Guide and Ecotourism<strong>, </strong>Role of NGO in Ecotourism<strong>, </strong>Community based Ecotourism<strong>, </strong>Role of Biodiversity in Ecotourism<strong>, </strong>Needs of Stakeholders for Ecotourism<strong>, </strong>International and National Heritage conservation<strong>, </strong>Assessment of Environmental impacts of Ecotourism<strong>, </strong>The Existing Knowledge of Ecotourism<strong>, </strong>Biological and Ecological Impact of Tourism<strong>, </strong>Pollution in Tourism area<strong>, </strong>Environmental study of Tourism area<strong>, </strong>Natural resource management<strong>, </strong>Wildlife and Forest conservation<strong>, </strong>Technological Approach Lab to Land.</p> Ashwani Kumar Dubey ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 5 2 01 243 10.18510/ijthr.2018/july.ews HANDICRAFT INDUSTRY CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN CULTURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN MACHAKOS COUNTY, KENYA http://giapjournals.com/index.php/ijthr/article/view/ijthr.2018.524 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This study investigated the roles of handicraft industries in cultural tourism development in Machakos County. Machakos County is home to Kenya’s oldest and biggest handicraft industry. The handicraft industry comprises of wood carvers and basket weavers in Mwala and Yatta constituencies’.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The study utilized qualitative research approach using an exploratory research design. The study population composed of wood carvers, craft cooperative officials and basket weavers drawn from two weavers’ community organizations in Machakos County. These are Yatta South Women Group and Muli Kyondo. The study employed unstructured interviews where focus group discussions, in-depth face to face interview were utilized to gather views directly from the respondents. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the data.</p> <p><strong>Main findings:</strong> The findings of the research revealed that cultural resources have long been providing employment for the local community.</p> <p><strong>Implications:</strong> The study, therefore, recommends that both the national and local government should collaborate with the local community in development and planning of cultural resources so as to ensure sustainability of the industry. This would, in turn, increase the competitiveness of Machakos County as a tourist destination.</p> <p><strong>Novelty: </strong>Kenya’s tourism and in particular Machakos cultural tourism product plays a vital role both in the rural areas as well as in urban areas in ensuring sustainability of resources in a number of ways that include social-cultural, economic as well as environmental.</p> Kibiro Eunice Muhoro Grieveesbon Mwangi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-01-26 2019-01-26 5 2 265 275 10.18510/ijthr.2018.524 THE AVAILABILITY OF INTERPRETATION MEDIA AND TOURISTS’ SATISFACTION WITH MOVIE INDUCED TOURISM IN KENYA http://giapjournals.com/index.php/ijthr/article/view/ijthr.2018.522 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This paper is anchored on the findings of a study that sought to assess the availability of interpretation media in movie induced tourism and its effect on tourists’ satisfaction in Kenya.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The study adopted explanatory and descriptive research designs. The study targeted 1,318 tourists from Karen Blixen Museum where the movie “Out of Africa” was filmed and Samburu County where the movie “The White Maasai” was filmed. In addition, a total of 658 bloggers airing their views on the filming locations were targeted. Simple random sampling and convenience sampling techniques were used to sample 345tourists and 221 bloggers, respectively. Structured closed-ended questionnaires were employed in collecting data.</p> <p><strong>Main Findings:</strong> Findings from regression model showed that interpretation services had a positive and significant effect on tourists satisfaction (β = 0.647, p&lt; 0.000).Based on the study findings and subsequent discussions, this paper concludes that the availability of interpretation media is effective in enhancing tourists’ understanding and appreciation of the destination being visited. Specifically, availability of guards in Karen Blixen Museum and Samburu and other interpretation media enhanced tourist experience and a majority were satisfied.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Implications:</strong> The findings can be used to improve practice by encouraging tour guides to have a clear knowledge of a destination to be able to guide tourist and facilitate the offering of quality products. It is therefore important to have interpretation services since they contribute to tourist satisfaction.</p> <p><strong>Novelty:</strong> The study contributes to the creation of additional knowledge to the field of movie-induced tourism thus enhancing the understanding of the nature and characteristics of movie-induced tourism.</p> Muchiri Murithi Justus Damiannah M. Kieti Rita W. Nthiga ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2018-11-17 2018-11-17 5 2 244 252 10.18510/ijthr.2018.522 A CRITICAL STUDY OF INVESTMENTS IN NEW HOTELS IN LEBANON DURING 2012-2016 http://giapjournals.com/index.php/ijthr/article/view/ijthr.2018.523 <p><strong>Purpose of the study: </strong>This research aims at understanding why investments in new hotels sustained in Lebanon during 2012 -2016 despite the unstable political situation that reigned over the country.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>It mobilizes a survey based on a total population sample of new hotels to explain the phenomenon and identify its determinants.</p> <p><strong>Main findings: </strong>Investments in new hotels in Lebanon during this crisis period are of a real estate form, encouraged by a number of factors, mainly the low cost of construction materials, the availability of a low waged Syrian manpower, the presence of investments loans and incentives from IDAL, a public agency and KAFALAT, a private one. These new hotels will operate as customized lodging facilities to cope with the growing AirBnB trend from one hand and with the increased demand from middle to high social class families of Syrian refugees.</p> <p><strong>Limitations: </strong>Limitations were mainly at the methodological level. Access to data at the Lebanese Ministry of Tourism and collection of data through questionnaires were the major challenges.</p> <p><strong>Implications: </strong>The analysis of the phenomenon allows a better understanding of its elements, factors and process. Therefore, concerned parties could benefit from it and take appropriate corrective measures where needed and/or adapt existing measures to changes in the hospitality industry in Lebanon. Also, researchers could connect the results to the literature related to post-crisis tourism to reveal promising research tracks.</p> <p><strong>Originality/Novelty of the study: </strong>Theoretically, crises periods in a destination are not favorable for hotels investments. Yet, Lebanon witnessed during the critical period of 2012 – 2016 the construction of new hotels all over its territory. This phenomenon raises questions about the drives of these investments, their source of capitals and their process of decision making. The findings depict new insights regarding investments in new hotels during crisis period. They are basically real estate investments, virtually designed to be hotels but operate as customized lodging facilities.&nbsp;</p> Ghada Salem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 5 2 253 264 10.18510/ijthr.2018.523