ALLERGIC RHINITIS IN INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN

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Nishtha Sareen
Abhishek Ojha
Devendra Sareen

Keywords

ALLERGIC RHINITIS, INFANTS, YOUNG CHILDREN.

Abstract

What is allergic rhinitis?

Allergic rhinitis is characterized by :

  • Rhinorhoea
  • Nasal blockage
  • Postnasal drip
  • Itchiness
  • Sneezing
  • Associated health effects

Predisposition

  • Genetic:

–         Positive FHx (polygenic inheritance)

–         Negative FHx does not rule out dx of AR

  • Atopic dermatitis:

–         Early sign of predisposition to allergy.

–         13% -/- parent, 30% +/- parent/sibling,        50% +/+ parent.

  • Previous exposure/environmental factors

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