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Basanta Manjari Swain
Sagar H S


Congenital talipusequinovarus, dysplasia, Ponseti method, Pirani, talonavicular.


Clubfoot or Congenital Talipus Equinovarus is the most common congenital deformity of the foot characterized by equinus, varus, adduction, and cavus deformities in various combinations. The deformity may be mild which appears as a slight exaggeration of normal equinovarus position or severe with foot almost in contact with the medial border of tibia.

The severity of the deformity has to be graded for quantification of abnormalities before and after treatment. As this deformity has intraosseous and interosseous components as well as soft tissue changes with atrophic and rudimentary muscles resulting from theabnormal bony relationship, they can be evaluated using radiography and ultrasonography.

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