Purpose: According to the author of the article the end of the novel “Mrs. Golovlevy's” was the first attempt by M.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin to show the destructive power of spiritual devastation and to prove the possibility of saving the human soul for Eternal Life according to the Christian tradition. The motives of Repentance and spiritual Resurrection appear, which are new to Saltykov’s creativity. This becomes possible both due to “external” factors (Shchedrin’s life events not directly connected with the work) and “internal” factors (expressed in the embodiment of the author's personal traits in Porphyry Golovlev). The article is devoted to the determination of the reasons that influenced the evolution of the protagonist in the final novel.

Methodology: The methodology has been used in the article are the questionary filled scrutinizing different articles in the field. All chapters, one by one has been studied thoroughly and analyzed through the investigation.

Results: In this study, it has been attempted to identify the most significant characteristics of the ideological and spiritual foundations of M.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin's creativity, which led to the evolution of the protagonist in the finale of the novel "Mrs. Golovlevs".

Implications/Applications: the application of this study is introducing the novel to its reader and also the further study of its characterization.

Novelty/Originality: The novelty of this study is in the method implemented to prepare the questions in the survey to stimulate the audiences to answer.


  1. Belogolovy, N. (1897). Memories and other articles. - M., 216 p.
  2. The voice of the past. (1916).
  3. Goncharov, I.A. (1955). Coll. of works. – M.
  4. Zhuravlev. N., M.E. Saltykov (Shchedrin) in the Tver province. - Kalinin. - 1939. - 189 p.
  5. Makarova, E.M. Vital sources of Judas Golovlev's image // Star, 1960. - № 9.
  6. Makashin, S.A. Saltykov-Shchedrin. Biography. 2nd edition, supplemented. - M. - 1951. - 587 p.
  7. Saltykov-Shchedrin M.E. in the memoirs of contemporaries. - M., 1957. - 698 p.
  8. Pokusaev, E.I. The revolutionary satire by Saltykov-Shchedrin. - M., 1963. - 286 p.
  9. Prokopenko, Z.T., M.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin and I.A. Goncharov in the literary process of the XIXst century. - Voronezh. - 1989. - 245 p.
  10. Saltykov-Shchedrin, M. E. Collected Works: In 20 vols. - M. - 1965-1977.
  11. Halperin, J. (1974). The Theory of the Novel: New Essays.
  12. Kovtun, N. V. (2011). On the Ruins of the “Crystal Palace” or the Fate of Russian Utopia in the Classical Era (NG Chernyshevsky, FM Dostoevsky, ME Saltykov-Shchedrin). Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences, 7(4), 1045-1057.
  13. Hetherington, P. (1974). The'Painter's manual'of Dionysius of Fourna: an English translation (from the Greek) with commentary of cod. gr. 708 in the Saltykov-Shchedrin State Public Library, Leningrad. Sagittarius Press.
  14. Engelstein, L. (1994). The keys to happiness: sex and the search for modernity in fin-de-siècle Russia. Cornell University Press.
  15. Todd, W. M. (1976). The Anti-Hero with a Thousand Faces: Saltykov-Shchedrin's Porfiry Golovlev. Studies in the Literary Imagination, 9(1), 87.
  16. Saltykov, M. E. (1965). Tales from M. Saltykov-Shchedrin.
  17. Kodes, J. J. (1966). The map collection in the ME Saltykov‐Shchedrin public library at Leningrad. https://doi.org/10.1080/03085696608592288
  18. Katsh, A. I. (1981). A Genizah Fragment of Talmud Yerushalmi in the Antonin Collection of the Saltykov-Shchedrin Library in Leningrad. The Jewish Quarterly Review, 71(3), 181-184. https://doi.org/10.2307/1454392
  19. Prousis, T. C. (1989). The Destunis Collection in the Manuscript Section of the Saltykov-Shchedrin State Public Library in Leningrad.
  20. Harviainen, T. (1993). Karaite Arabic transcriptions of Hebrew in the Saltykov-Shchedrin Public Library in St. Petersburg. Estudios Masorericos. En memoria de Harry M. Orlinsky. Textos y estudios «Cardenal Cisneros» de la Biblia Políglota Matritense, 63-72.