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EVALUATING STABILITY IN DUAL BANKING SYSTEM: COMPARISON BETWEEN CONVENTIONAL AND ISLAMIC BANKS IN MALAYSIA
Corresponding Author(s) : Omar Alaeddin
Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews,
Vol. 7 No. 2 (2019): March
Purpose of Study: This paper aims to explore whether Islamic banks are more stable when compared with conventional banks in a dual banking system.
Methodology: This research employs Pooled OLS methodology for 42 banks, including 27 conventional banks and 15 Islamic banks, for the period of 2005-2016.
Results: The study suggests that Islamic banks are less stable compared to conventional banks in overall banking sector. Furthermore, it is found that big Islamic banks are less stable than big conventional banks and small Islamic banks are less stable than small conventional banks. The results disapprove of the widespread belief that Islamic banks are more stable and more resilient to adverse shocks in the financial crisis. Moreover, while investigating the shift in overall level of banking stability with respect to financial crises, regardless of bank type and bank size, it is observed that the overall banking stability is enhanced after the financial crises. This is intriguing and a sigh of relief for policy makers and regulators in the country.
Implications/Applications: This research is of contribution to policy makers and central banks in the countries with highly dual banking environment and for the central banks striving to become International Islamic financial hub.
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