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CYBERBULLYING: DEFINITION AND MEASUREMENT IN ADOLESCENT – LITERATURE REVIEW
Corresponding Author(s) : Zarina Akbar
Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews,
Vol. 8 No. 4 (2020): July
Purpose of the study: This study is a literature review on cyberbullying from 2004-2017. Topics covered in the review have been categorized starting with the definition of cyberbullying; factors causing cyberbullying; and measurement tools of cyberbullying in adolescents. The purpose of this literature review is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the current research on cyberbullying as it relates to cyberbullying intervention/prevention programs further.
Methodology: This study applied the method of literature review that related to cyberbullying and other related journals from EBSCO Database.
Main Findings: This study found that there is a need to determine a more consistent definition of cyberbullying criteria in order to establish more accurate measurement methods. Furthermore, factors causing cyberbullying are not only the personal factors and situational factors, but also the social-ecological (factors) theory.
Applications of this study: The cyberbullying handling program for teenagers must be designed by the schools holistically and in cooperation between all elements and levels of communities that are related to the lives of teenagers, including those in regards with home, school, peers, and any other elements related to teenagers’ lives such as those that are easily accessed online.
Novelty/Originality of this study: This study discussed cyberbullying in a more integrated and complete explanation especially about the type of cyberbullying measurements that can be used.
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