Main Article Content

Abstract

Purpose: This study analyses the implementation of the village fund program in poverty reduction related to the program approach, the problems that arise, the implementation of social principles, and its impact on the poor.


Methodology: This study used a qualitative approach, in which the study was naturalistic, and the researchers conduct their research in as natural a condition as possible — the researchers in determining research informants using snowball techniques. The snowball technique allows more informants according to data requirements. The researchers interviewed the key informants and then asked them to mention other informants who made it possible to find out the topic being discussed. Some of the techniques used in data collection were observation, in-depth interviews, focused group discussions, and document studies. Researchers analyzed data by presenting data in the form of data sorting, categorizing data, and grouping data according to the needs of the analysis.


Findings: The implementation of the village fund program applies a community approach. This approach encourages the implementation of village funds to apply the principles of accountability, transparency, participation, democracy, and others. The community approach requires the participation of villagers at each stage of the program's implementation, since the planning, implementation, supervision, and preservation of development results. Nevertheless, the implementation of the village fund program was inseparable from several problems. Problems that occur found both at the local government level, advisory assistants, and the community itself. The implementation of the village fund program has more impact on the community, especially poor households.


Implications: The results of this study provide academic contributions to improve the implementation of poverty reduction in general and the implementation of the village fund program in particular.


Novelty: The implementation of the village fund program encourages the participation of village communities in the development of their villages. The involvement of the village community enables development to be carried out in an accountable, transparent, democratic, sustainable manner, and so forth. This approach enables the development to be carried out on target, and poor household communities feel its benefits.

Keywords

Poverty Poor Household Village Fund Program Empowerment Poverty Eradication Community Approach

Article Details

How to Cite
Mohammad, R., Anwar, F., & Obie, M. (2020). POVERTY AND ITS ERADICATION IN INDONESIA: A CASE OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF VILLAGE FUND PROGRAM IN GORONTALO REGENCY. International Journal of Management, Innovation & Entrepreneurial Research, 6(1), 15-22. https://doi.org/10.18510/ijmier.2020.613

References

  1. Adam, S., Botutihe, D., & Obie, M. (2019). Empowering labors in brick factories: Developing institutional organization, training, and access to capital. International Journal of Management, Innovation & Entrepreneurial Research, 5(2), 11-16. https://doi.org/10.18510/ijmier.2019.522
  2. Adam, S., Pattaling, Sumai, S., & Obie, M. (2019). Inter-stakeholders communication in the implementation of village fund programs: An experience in Gorontalo province, Indonesia. Journal of Management and Sustainability, 9(1), 132-140. https://doi.org/10.5539/jms.v9n1p132
  3. Ahluwalia, M. S., Carter, N. G., & Chenery, H. B. (1979). Growth and poverty in developing countries. Journal of Development Economics, 6(3), 299-341. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3878(79)90020-8
  4. Anwas, M. O. (2013). Pemberdayaan masyarakat di era global. Alfabeta.
  5. Atmojo, M. E., Fridayani, H. D., Kasiwi, A. U., & Pratama, M. A. (2017). Efektivitas dana desa untuk pengenbangan potensi ekonomi berbasis partisipasi masyarakat di desa Bangunjiwo. Aristo, Sosial Politik Humaniora, 5(1), 126-140.
  6. Cahyat. (2004). Bagaimana kemiskinan diukur? Beberapa model perhitungan kemiskinan di Indonesia. Poverty & Decentralization Project CIFOR: BMZ.
  7. Central Bureau of Statistics. (1999). Poor population. BPS
  8. Central Bureau of Statistics. (2004). Indonesian statistics. BPS
  9. Central Bureau of Statistics. (2018). Profile of the poor in Indonesia. BPS
  10. Cox, D. (2004). Outline of presentation on poverty alleviation programs in the Asia Pacific region. Paper presented on the international seminar on curriculum development for social work education in Indonesia, March 2nd. College of Social Welfare.
  11. Hasniati, Tikson, D. T., & Syahruddin, M. H. (2017). Peningkatan kesadaran masyarakat dalam pengawasan dana desa di kecamatan Mappakasunggu. Abdimas, 21(2), 119-124.
  12. Mardikanto, T., & Soebiato, P. (2015). Pemberdayaan masyarakat. Alfabeta.
  13. Meutia, I., & Liliana. (2017). Pengelolaan keuangan dana desa. Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma, 8(2), 336-352. https://doi.org/10.18202/jamal.2017.08.7058
  14. Ministry of Finance. (2017). Village fund pocketbook: Village fund for people's welfare. Kemenkeu.
  15. Mustanir, A., & Darmiah. (2016). Implementasi kebijakan dana desa dan partisipasi masyarakat dalam pembangunan di desa Teteaji kecamatan Tellu Limpoe kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang. Jurnal Politik Profetik, 04(2), 225-238.
  16. National Development Planning Agency. (2006). Technical guidelines for submitting proposed activities funded by foreign loans and grants. Bappenas
  17. National Family Planning Coordinating Board. (2013). Report of the 2013 national family planning coordinating board. BKKBN.
  18. Nugroho, H. (1995). Kemiskinan, ketimpangan dan pemberdayaan, dalam kemiskinan dan kesenjangan di Indonesia. Aditya Media.
  19. Obie, M., Yusuf, I. D. S., & Sumai, S. (2019). Empowerment of palm sugar peasants at the forest edge of Bogani Nani Wartabone national park, Indonesia: A study of problems, local potentials, and priority ideas towards empowered community. Environment and Natural Resources Research, 9(1), 77-90. https://doi.org/10.5539/enrr.v9n1p77
  20. Prawoto, N. (2009). Memahami kemiskinan dan strategi penanggulangannya. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan, 9(1), 56-68.
  21. Prijono, O. S., & Pranarka, A. M. W. (1996). Pemberdayaan: Konsep, kebijakan dan implementasi. CSIS.
  22. Riyanto & Junaedi. (2017). Implikasi penggunaan dana desa terhadap ketahanan sosial, ekonomi, dan ekologi desa tertinggal di kabupaten Karanganyar. Jurnal Saintech, 4(2), 1-10.
  23. Rostitawati, T., Wahyuddin, N. I., & Obie, M. (2019). The poverty puddles of the cage fishing community at Limboto lake coast, Indonesia. Journal of Sustainable Development, 12(3), 82-90. https://doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v12n3p82
  24. Sajogjo & Pudjiwati. (2002). Sosiologi pedesaan kumpulan bacaan. Gadjah Mada University Press.
  25. Sari, I. M., & Abdullah, M. F. (2017). Analisis ekonomi kebijakan dana desa terhadap kemiskinan desa di kabupaten Tulungagung. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, 15(01), 34-49. https://doi.org/10.22219/jep.v15i1.4645
  26. Suharto, E. (2010). Membangun masyarakat memberdayakan rakyat kajian strategis pembangunan kesejahteraan sosial dan pekerja sosial. Refika Aditama
  27. Sulistyati, M., Herlina, L., & Nurachma, S. (2011). Dampak proses permberdayaan terhadap keberdayaan peternak domba (influence process of empowerment to empowered sheep farmers). Jurnal Ilmu Ternak, 11(2): 92-97.
  28. Suryawati, Ch. (2005). Memahami kemiskinan secara multidimensional. Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro.
  29. Suryawati. (2004). Teori ekonomi mikro. UPP. AMP YKPN. Jarnasy.
  30. Todaro, M. P., & Smith, S. C. (2006). Pembangunan ekonomi (edisi kesembilan, jilid I). Erlangga.
  31. Wasistiono, S. (1998). Pemberdayaan aparatur daerah. Abdi Praja.
  32. World Bank. (1990). Indonesia: Poverty assessment and strategy report. The report, No. 8034-IND, country department III East Asia and Pacific Region.
  33. World Bank. (2000). World development report. Attacking poverty. World Bank.