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A TRANSFORMATIVE EDUCATION MODEL FOR DISASTER-RESILIENT CHILD
Corresponding Author(s) : Siti Zunariyah
Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews,
Vol. 6 No. 3 (2018): Aceh Global Conference, 2018 (Special Issue)
Purpose of study: An objective of disaster-safety education unit program in Indonesia is to empower students (schoolchildren) in dealing with disaster. This research aimed to describe the transformative learning process about disaster mitigation to students and to analyze the changing process and the learning achievement.
Methodology: The research method chosen was Participatory Action Research (PAR)’s approach putting school children as the subject of research. The research took place in Kampong Sewu and Semanggi Solo that was always exposed to flood disaster during rainy season. Paulo Freire’s Transformative Learning Theory was used to analyze the result of analysis with children’s knowledge production (cognitive), critical reflection (affective), and action plan (psychomotor) approaches.
Finding of study: The findings of research were as follows. Firstly, knowledge production approach was accomplished through exploring the children’s knowledge on a variety of disaster vulnerabilities in village and school environment s through illustrative picture. Secondly, critical reflection approach was carried out through identifying types of disaster and effect resulting through traditional game and docudrama. Thirdly, action plan approach was conducted by mapping evacuation map, meeting point, and disaster overcoming strategy with disaster simulation technique, and utilizing school and village resources.
Applications of study:These three approaches in transformative learning process concerning disaster mitigation were expected to improve capacity and to reduce the students’ vulnerability, thereby realizing the students’ powerfulness in dealing with disaster.
Novelty/Originality: The novelty of research was that it built school children’s powerfulness integrated into commonness and local wisdom values of Kampong Sewu and Semanggi.
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