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THE ROLE OF ISLAMIC BANKING IN AGRICULTURE FINANCING (CASE STUDY OF INDONESIAN AGRICULTURE SECTOR)
Corresponding Author(s) : Satria Utama
Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews,
Vol. 7 No. 2 (2019): March
Purpose: This paper aims to analyze the role of Islamic banking in improving the agricultural sector as well as providing alternative solutions such as financing scheme for agricultural financing.
Methodology: The research method is qualitative. A review of the extant literature was carried out for collecting primary and secondary data. In-depth interviews with key informants such the farmer and Islamic bank financing manager were also conducted. Data analysis was performed by adopting data reduction, data display with SWOT matrix, verification, and conclusion.
Main findings: This paper finds that Islamic banking allocates financing for agricultural sector which is less than 10 percent of total financing. The finding is in line with the problem faced by the farmer. Based on the interview, it is known that the main problem of agriculture industry is limited access to the source of capital. The second finding pertains to the lack of Islamic banking’s role in agricultural financing caused by high risk perception and minimum competence of human resources to maintain the agricultural financing.
Applications: This paper suggests the implementation of Ba'I As Salam scheme as an alternative for agricultural financing. Salam Financing Scheme is more suitable for agricultural financing than the murabaha financing that are commonly used today. Because the salam financing scheme intends to finance the sale and purchase of new commodities that are to be processed or produced and the delivery of their goods in the future, as well as allow for irregular payment schemes made in the harvest. Some of these advantages can be agricultural financing solution that is more in line with the characteristics of agricultural sector cash flow.
Novelty/Originality of this study: Previous Studies related to the agricultural sector only deals with the impact of agricultural finance without offering low cost financing models as the solution to the main problem in the agricultural sector. This study provides solutions to these problems.
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