THE SHARIA MICROFINANCE AND THE COUNTER-HEGEMONIC MOVEMENT: EXAMINING THE LEGAL NORMS REGULATING ASPECTS OF INSTITUTIONAL AND BUSINESS ACTIVITIES IN SURAKARTA

Main Article Content

Kelik Wardiono
Wardah Yuspin

Keywords

Shari’a Microfinance, Microfinance, Institutional, Business Activity, Counter-Hegemony

Abstract

Purpose of study: Research aims at the study of legal norms that are formed and used to regulate the institutional aspects and business activities of the Islamic Micro Finance (LKMS) as well as the counter-hegemonic movement that lies behind them.


Methodology: This research employs qualitative approach, which based on secondary data in the form of written documents, collected through library studies and primary data from informants, collected through in-depth interviews and observations in four LKMS in Surakarta LKMS Al-Huda UNS, LKMS Al-Abidin, LKMS AmanahUmmahUMS, LKMS Al-Muayyad.


Results: The Legal norms established and used to regulate the institutional and business aspects of the four Sharia Microfinance Institutions in Surakarta show that there are certain aspects in common, and differences on the other. The norms used in regulating the institutional and business aspects of Sharia Microfinance Institutions in Surakarta show a mixture of norms in Islamic law and the MUIs Fatwa, the Norms (in positive law) governing banks, financing institutions, partnerships, and cooperatives, with elements of the more prominent Islamic law.


Applications: The existence of the equations of the norms used in the background by the existence of counter-hegemonic movement built by The Small Business Incubation Center (PINBUK), which has passed through the corporate phase but has not exceeded the hegemonic phase. While the differences of norms used, due to the different degrees of cultural penetration of each Sharia Microfinance Institutions against the hegemonic movement driven by PINBUK.

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