SOCIAL GUARANTEES OF THE STATUS OF DISABLED IN CONSTITUTIONAL TEXTS OF THE CIS COUNTRIES

Main Article Content

Anna V. Lebed
Marina V. Markhgeym
Anna A. Minasyan
Alevtina E. Novikova
Evgeniy E. Tonkov

Keywords

Constitution, Disabled Person, CIS, Guarantees, Social Security

Abstract

Abstract


Purpose: In the article, based on the analysis of constitutional texts of CIS countries to reflect the social guarantees of persons with disabilities in them, the socially-guaranteeing and social-status models of such consolidation are identified.


Methodology: The research was based on a dialectical approach to the research of legal phenomena and processes using general scientific (system, logical, analysis and synthesis) and private scientific methods. Among them are formal legal, linguistic legal, comparative-legal, which were collectively used to study the constitutional texts of 12 post-Soviet countries in order to identify options, features, and models of securing social guarantees for persons with disabilities.


Result: The first model includes norms reflecting guarantees for the realization of socio-economic rights through the adoption of principles of a social state or through blanket norms (Georgia) and enshrining guarantees of socio-economic rights, including the right to social support and state assistance (Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine). The second one implies the existence of norms on state support for both disabled people (Armenia, the Russian Federation, Turkmenistan) and disabled children (Tajikistan). It was noted that with all the variety of approaches of this focus group of states, constitutional texts reinforce the imperative of social security for the rights of persons with disabilities.


Applications: This research can be used for universities, teachers, and students.


Novelty/Originality: In this research, the model of Social Guarantees of the Status of Disabled in Constitutional Texts of the Cis Countries is presented in a comprehensive and complete manner.

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