THE WORLD OF CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH IN RUSSIAN NOBLE FAMILIES OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY IN THE CONTEXT OF STRATIFICATION APPROACH

Main Article Content

Vladimir A. Shapovalov
Svetlana P. Shapovalova
Irina V. Istomina
Alexsandr V. Perepelisin
Alexsandr N. Moshkin

Keywords

Childhood, Youth, Nobility, Elite, Upbringing, Education, Traditionalism

Abstract

traditions. Hence, it is one of the criteria for evolutionary or revolutionary changes in a particular society, accentuating the culture of everyday life and the connection of generations. In a rigidly structured estate society, such as the population of the Russian Empire, the world of childhood and youth developed in the context of social traditionalism, adopted in one or another estate community.


Methodology: The basis of the study is based on the principles of historicism, objectivity, and science. To prove these theses, comparative-historical, problem-chronological, logical-analytical methods were used, which made it possible to reliably reconstruct the world of childhood and youth in noble families of Russia of the first half of the nineteenth century.


Result: The most detailed system of socialization of children and adolescents was developed in an environment of a noble family, distinguished by more strict and complex etiquette, where pride in belonging to a noble class was inculcated at an early age. But the feeling of belonging to the upper class among the young nobles was different and mediated by many factors, first of all, the ancient lineage, the level of the material wealth of the family, education, upbringing,  and culture. That is, the variability of the socialization of children and adolescents was extensive.


Applications: This research can be used for universities, teachers, and students.


Novelty/Originality: In this research, the model of The World of Childhood and Youth in Russian Noble Families of the First Half of the Nineteenth Century in the Context of Stratification Approach is presented in a comprehensive and complete manner.

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