CONSTITUTIONAL EXPERIMENT: REGULATORY APPROACHES IN FRANCE AND SPAIN

Main Article Content

Marina V. Markhgeym
Goar G. Zagaynova
Alla N. Gutorova
Aleksej N. Nifanov
Evgeniy E. Tonkov

Keywords

Legal Experiment, Constitutional Law, Constitutional System Basis, Constitutional Experiment, Constitutions

Abstract

Purpose: The article is devoted to the study of the constitutional experiment features in France and Spain. The author analyzes the regulations, including the constitutions and laws of both France and Spain. It also provides the analysis of constitutional regulation methods in these countries.


Methodology: The methodological basis of the study was the set of scientific knowledge leading methods. The methods of analysis and synthesis are widely used among general scientific ones, formal legal and comparative legal methods are among private scientific ones.


Result: The analysis of approaches to the formalization of the constitutional-legal experiment on the example of two European countries - France and Spain - showed the difference in corresponding models and levels. France developed the system of the state constitutional legal experiment regulation at the level of the Constitution and other legal acts (organic law, regulations, etc.), taking into account the corrective law-enforcement practice of constitutional control body - the Constitutional Council. The implementation of constitutional legal experiments in France was associated with the decentralization of power, the activities of public scientific and cultural institutions, criminal justice, social policy, etc.


Applications: This research can be used for universities, teachers, and students.


Novelty/Originality: In this research, the model of Constitutional Experiment: Regulatory Approaches in France and Spain is presented in a comprehensive and complete manner.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...
Abstract 46 | PDF Downloads 28 XML Downloads 1 ePUB Downloads 4

References

1. Arrete du 18 mars 2013 mettant fin a l’experimentation des dispositions prevoyant la participation de citoyensassesseurs au fonctionnement de la justice penale. Avialable at: http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000027199869&dateTexte=&categorieLien=id (accessed 27 March 2019).
2. Carcassonne, G., & Guillaaume, M. (2014). La Constitution. Paris, 194-195.
3. Constitución Española. (1978). Boletín Oficial del Estado. 29.12.1978. № 311. Available at: http://www.boe.es/buscar/act.php?id=BOE-A-1978-31229 (accessed 27 March 2019).
4. Decision (2001). 454 DC du 17 janvier 2002. Available at: www.conseil-constitutionnel.fr/decision/2002/2001454dc.htm (accessed 27 March 2019).
5. Decision 2001-454 DC du 17 janvier 2002. Available at: www.conseil-constitutionnel.fr/decision/2002/ 2001454dc.htm (accessed 27 March 2019).
6. Decision 2009-584 DC du 16 juilet 2009. Available at: http://www.conseil-constitutionnel.fr/conseil-constitutionne l/francais/les-decisions/acces-par-date/decisions-depuis-1959/2009/2009-584-dc/decision-n-2009-584-dc-du-16-juillet-2009.43624.html (accessed 27 March 2019).
7. Decision 93-322 DCdu 28 juillet 1993. Available at: http://www.legifrance.go+79852381603uv.fr/af fichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT0000003477 53&categorieLien=id (accessed 27 March 2019).
8. Dubut, T. H. (2009). Le jugeconstitutionnelet les concepts. Reflexions a proposdes exigencesconstitutionnelles. Revue francaise de droit constitutional, 4, 749-764. https://doi.org/10.3917/rfdc.080.0749
9. L’experimentation citoyensassesseursdans les resorts des coursd’appel de Dijon et Toulouse : rapport a Madame la garde des sceaux, minister de la justice. Available at: http://www.presse.justice.gouv.fr/art_pix/1_1_ Raport_bilan_experimentation_citoyens_assesseurs.pdf (accessed 27 March 2019).
10. Lazarev, V.V., 2010. K voprosu o ponyatii i predelah eksperimenta v oblasti gosudarstva i prava. M. (In Russian)
11. Ley Orgánica № 1/1981, de 6 de abril de 1981, de Estatuto de Autonomía para Galicia. Boletín Oficial del Estado. 28.04.1981. № 101. Available at: https://www.boe.es/buscar/act.php?id=BOE-A-1981-9564&tn=1&v d=&p=20100717&acc=Ele gir (accessed 27 March 2019).
12. Ley Orgánica № 5/2007, de 20 de abril de 2007, de reforma del Estatuto de Autonomía de Aragón. Boletín Oficial del Estado. 23.04.2007. № 97. Available at: https://www.boe.es/buscar/act.php?id=BOE-A-2007-8444&tn=1&vd=&p=20110719&acc=Elegir (accessed 27 March 2019).
13. Ley Orgánica, (1983). № 3/1983, de 25 de febrero de1983, de Estatuto de Autonomía de la Comunidad de Madrid. Boletín Oficial del Estado. 01.03.1983. № 51. Available at: https://www.boe.es/buscar/act.php?id=BOE-A-1983-6317 (accessed 27 March 2019).
14. Ley Orgánica, (2007). № 5/2007, de 20 de abril de 2007, de reforma del Estatuto de Autonomía de Aragón. Boletín Oficial del Estado. 23.04.2007. № 97. Available at: https://www.boe.es/buscar/act.php?id=BOE-A-2007-8444&tn=1&vd=&p=20110719&acc=Elegir (accessed 27 March 2019).
15. Loi organie 2003-704 du 1 auot 2003 relative a l’experimentation par les collectives territoriales. Available at: http://legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000000239925 (accessed 27 March 2019).
16. Loin 88-1088 du lerdecembre 1988 instituantlerevenuminimumd’insertion. Available at: Legifrance.fr (accessed 27 March 2019).
17. Sinopsis artículo 1 / Congreso de los Diputados. Available at: http://www.congreso.es/consti/constitucion/indice/s inopsis/sinopsis.jsp?art=1&tipo=2 (accessed 27 March 2019).
18. Zagajnova, G. G. (2017). Eksperiment kak pravovaya kategoriya. Konstitucionalizm: simbioz nauki i praktiki: Materialy Mezhdunarodnogo kruglogo stola, posvyashchennogo pamyati i 80-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya zasluzhennogo deyatelya nauki Rossijskoj Federacii, zasluzhennogo yurista Rossii, doktora yuridicheskih nauk, professora N.V. Vitruka / otv. Red M.V. Marhgejm. Belgorod, 68-70 (In Russian).
19. Zagajnova, G. G. (2018). Konstitucionnye obrazy eksperimenta: podhody evropejskih gosudarstv. Nauchnye vedomosti Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Filosofiya. Sociologiya. Pravo, 43(1), 119-123 (In Russian).
20. Zagaynova, G. G., Luk'yanchenko, V. V., Novikova, A. E., Tonkov, E. E., & Doronina O. N. (2018). Inadmissibility of experiments on people: constitutional imperatives of the post-soviet countries. Revista Amazonia Investiga, 7(12), 177-180.
21. Еl'cov, V. N. (2009). Pravovoj eksperiment v sovremennoj Rossii: problemy effektivnosti: avtoreferat dissertacii kandidata yuridicheskih nauk. Tambov (In Russian).

Most read articles by the same author(s)