Main Article Content
Assets, WAQF, Yemen, Ummah, Waqf management
Purpose of Study: Waqf has played a significant role throughout Islamic history. This has been possible through proper management, investment and financing of various Waqf assets to enhance the socioeconomic development of Muslim societies. In particular, it has contributed significantly to the encouragement of religious practices, improvement of education, health and helping the poor and the needy, creating employment and supporting other socio-economic activities.
Methodology: The current study attempted to uncover these challenges facing by Waqf institution in Yemen. Particularly, issues such as management, investment and finance will be emphasized.
Results: However, nowadays most of Waqf assets have become idle and no longer serves the needs of the Ummah due to problems, such as poor governance structure and human resource. Few studies have tried to address challenges facing Waqf but unfortunately these studies have been conducted in countries where the governance structure is robust and the quality of human resource is very good. Such models may not be suitable in contexts such as Yemen where Waqf assets are mostly in the form of physical assets such as lands and buildings and the quality of human resource and governance structure are poor.
2. Abdo, A.A.S., 1997. The effect of waqf in economic and social development applied study in yemen. In: postgraduate in Shariah studies. Umm Al Qura University, Saudi Arabia.
3. Abdo, A.A.S., 1997. The effect of waqf in economic and social development applied study in yemen. In: Islamic economics. Umm Al Qura University, Suadi Arabia.
4. Abu-Zahrah, M., 2007. Waqf according to religion and laws (wakaf menurut agama dan undang-undang). Puchong: Jasmin Enterprise.
5. akwa, I.A.A., 1986. Islamic schools in yemen. Beirut: Al- risalah institute.
6. Al-Akwa, I.A., 1986. Islamic schools in yemen. Beirut: Al- risalah institute.
7. Al-Farran, A.m., 2013. Current position for waqf system in yemen. In: Journal of Religion and Life. Sana'a - Yemen.
8. Al-Janadi, M., 1993. Behavior in layers scholars and kings. 1 Edn., Sana'a - Yemen: Al-Ershad library.
9. Al-Sorori, M., 1997. Political life and aspects of civilization in Yemen in the era of the independent statelets: 1037-1228.
10. Al-Sorori, M., 1997. Political life and aspects of civilization in yemen in the era of the independent statelets from 1037-1228.
11. Al-Swidi, A.K. and R. Mahmood, 2011. Yemeni banking system: Critical issues and future recommended strategies. European Journal of Social Sciences, 20(4): 637-655.
12. Al-Yemeni, A.A.H., 2003. The dynamics of democratisation–political parties in yemen. Bonn (Friedrich Ebert Stiftung).
13. Al arashi, A.M., 2014. The historical experience of the management of waqf system in yemen in the era of apostolic state ( 1228 - 1454) the endowment ghassani.
14. Awqaf, M.o., 1991. Al-awqāf wa-al-irshād fī mawkib al-thawrah, 1962-1987. Sana'a: Al-Thawra journal.
15. Awqaf, M.o., 1991. Al-awqāf wa-al-irshād fī mawkib al-thawrah, 1962-1987 m., Yemen: al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah al-Yamanīyah, Wizārat al-Awqāf wa-al-Irshād,.
16. Bafadle, O., 2010. A study on agriculture vulnerability and adaptation to climate change
17. in the republic of yemen. E. P. Authority (Ed.). Yemen.
18. Cizakca, M., 1998. Awqaf in history and its implications for modern Islamic economies. Islamic Economic Studies, 6(1): 43-70.
19. Çizakça, M., 2000. A history of philanthropic foundations: The islamic world from the seventh century to the present. Boğaziçi University Press İstanbul.
20. Fund, I.M., 2015. Principles and recommendations for population and housing censuses. In: World Economic Outlook Database. IndexMundi.
21. Jayathilaka, A. and P.L.T. Purasinghe, 2017. Bridging the great divide between state and society (A Study on Two Initiatives of Enhancing the State? Society Synergy in Sri Lanka). Asian Development Policy Review, 5(2): 81-89.
22. Joshua, O.O., 2016. Hunger and malnutrition: Review of copenhagen consensus challenge paper 2004. American Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 1(2): 85-99.
23. Kabir, K.H. and S. Aftab, 2017. Exploring management strategies for freshwater Wetland: Policy options for Southwest coastal region in Bangladesh. Asian Development Policy Review, 5(2): 70-80.
24. Kanwal, R., F.R. Khan and S.M. Baloch, 2017. Comparative study of linguistic features in gender communication in Pakistani television talk show. International Journal of English Language and Literature Studies, 6(2): 54-62.
25. Kareem, S.D., A.K. Olusegun and L.S. Arogundade, 2017. The link between agricultural budgetary allocation and economic growth in Nigeria. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 4(2): 38-43.
26. Kyrychenko, V., 2018. Indonesias higher education: Context, policy, and perspective. Asian Journal of Contemporary Education, 2(2): 159-172.
27. Latiff, A., C. Ismail and N. Daud, 2006. Waqf assets management and its potential toward the enhancement of education for muslim community in malaysia (pengurusan harta wakaf dan potensinya ke arah kemajuan pendidikan umat islam di malaysia). In: National Wakaf Seminar.
28. Latiff, A.Z., 2008. Wakaf pengurusan dan sumbangannya terhadap pendidikan islam di malaysia. Shah Alam: Pusat Penerbitan UPENA UiTM.
29. Layish, A., 1983. The mālikī family waqf according to wills and waqfiyyāt. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 46(01): 1-32.
30. Mahamood, S.M., 2006. Waqf in malaysia: Legal and administrative perspectives. University of Malaya Press.
31. Mahesh, P.C., 2018. Empowering youth through youth engagement in social action in India. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 4(1): 16-28.
32. Margaret-Anne, C. and G. Donna, 2018. Potential enablers of mental health and wellness for those teaching in tertiary education. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 4(3): 3-20.
33. Margarita, F., L. Maureen and Y. Janelle, 2018. Educating social workers for leadership in a highly differentiated society. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 3(4): 61-72.
34. Mingchang, W., S. Ibnu and M. Tuatul, 2018. The role of cognitive and affective behavior in predicting the creative thinking of university students. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 4(2): 90-103.
35. Mohsin, M.I.A., 2009. Cash waqf: A new financial product.
36. mujahid, A.M.A., 1978. Taʻāwun al-zirāʻī madkhal lil-tanmiyah fī al-jumhūrīyah al-ʻarabīyah al-yamanīyah. Cairo: Ālam al-Kutub.
37. Nagata, J., 2002. The changing perceptions of waqf, as social, cultural and symbolic capital in penang. In: International Conference—The Penang Story, Penang.
38. Powers, D.S., 1989. Orientalism, colonialism, and legal history: The attack on muslim family endowments in algeria and india. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 31(03): 535-571.
39. Raissouni, A., 2001. Islamic" waqf endowment": Scope and implications. ISESCO.
40. Singer, A., 2008. Charity in islamic societies. Cambridge University Press.
41. Wafa, S. and B. Wafa, 2010. Development of waqfs for education in malaysia. In: Seventh International Conference-The tawhidi epistemology: Zakat and waqf economy. pp: 137-153.