Main Article Content
voluntary work, Social Capital, Sustainable Development, Saudi Society, Descriptive survey method
Purpose: The present study aimed to identify the role of voluntary work in improving the social capital and enhancing sustainable development in the Saudi community.
Methodology: Participants were (245) volunteers who were members of the Saudi Volunteer Organization (Takatuf). Their ages were between (20-26) years and were all dwelling in Riyadh. The descriptive survey method was used and the main study instrument was a questionnaire developed by the researchers.
Main Findings: Analysis of the gathered data to answer the main two questions in the study revealed that voluntary work has a significant role in improving the social capital and achieving sustainable development in the Saudi community.
Novelty/Originality of this study: In light of these findings, this study showed the importance of urging people in charge to seriously take into consideration this vital issue related to voluntary work and provide all possible support to institutions of voluntary work in Saudi Arabia in order to help to spread the culture of voluntary work. Moreover, people in charge were recommended to view voluntary work from the perspective of its effective contribution to the development of the social capital and achievement of sustainable development within the community, rather than the perspective of voluntary work as a charitable action.
2. Albrithen, A., & Briskman, L. (2014). Social work ethics in Saudi Arabia: An exploration. The British Journal of Social Work, 45(7), 2192-2209. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcu083
3. Aldrich, D. P., & Meyer, M. A. (2015). Social Capital and Community Resilience. American Behavioral Scientist, 59(2), 254-269. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764214550299
4. Anheier, H. K., & Salamon, L. M. (1999). Volunteering in cross-national perspective: Initial comparisons. Law and Contemp. Probs., 62, 43. https://doi.org/10.2307/1192266
5. Aranda, M., Zappalà, S., & Topa, G. (2019). Motivations for Volunteerism, Satisfaction, and Emotional Exhaustion: The Moderating Effect of Volunteers’ Age. Sustainability, 11(16), 4477. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164477
6. Bauer, S., & Lim, D. (2019). Effect of Communication Practices on Volunteer Organization Identification and Retention. Sustainability, 11(9), 2467. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11092467
7. Bekkers, R. (2005). Charity begins at home: How socialization experiences influence giving and volunteering.
8. Bekkers, R. (2007). Intergenerational transmission of volunteering. Acta Sociologica, 50(2), 99-114. https://doi.org/10.1177/0001699307077653
9. Brown, E., & Ferris, J. M. (2007). Social capital and philanthropy: An analysis of the impact of social capital on individual giving and volunteering. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 36(1), 85-99. https://doi.org/10.1177/0899764006293178
10. Carter, V., & Marx, J. (2016). US Volunteering in the Aftermath of the Great Recession: Were African Americans a Significant Factor? Social Sciences, 5(2), 22. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci5020022
11. Chai, C.-L., Ueland, K., & Phiri, T. (2018). The Use of Human Capital and Limitations of Social Capital in Advancing Economic Security among Immigrant Women Living in Central Alberta, Canada. Social Sciences, 7(11), 220. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7110220
12. Cnaan, R. A., Boddie, S. C., & Yancey, G. I. (2003). Bowling alone but serving together. Religion as social capital. Producing the common good, 19-31.
13. Dale, A. (2005). Social capital and sustainable community development: Is there a relationship. A dynamic balance: Social capital and sustainable community development, 13-30.
14. Dale, A., & Newman, L. (2005). Sustainable development, education and literacy. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 6(4), 351-362. https://doi.org/10.1108/14676370510623847
15. Dale, A., & Newman, L. (2008). Social capital: a necessary and sufficient condition for sustainable community development? Community Development Journal, 45(1), 5-21. https://doi.org/10.1093/cdj/bsn028
16. Devereux, P. (2008). International volunteering for development and sustainability: outdated paternalism or a radical response to globalisation? Development in practice, 18(3), 357-370. https://doi.org/10.1080/09614520802030409
17. Duguid, F., Mündel, K., & Schugurensky, D. (2007). Volunteer work, informal learning, and the quest for sustainable communities in Canada. Canadian journal for the study of adult education, 20(2), 41-56.
18. Durand, M. (2015). The OECD better life initiative: How's life? and the measurement of well‐being. Review of Income and Wealth, 61(1), 4-17. https://doi.org/10.1111/roiw.12156
19. Elias, J., Sudhir, P., & Mehrotra, S. (2016). Long-term engagement in formal volunteering and well-being: An exploratory Indian study. Behavioral Sciences, 6(4), 20. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs6040020
20. Flanagan, C. A. (2004). Volunteerism, leadership, political socialization, and civic engagement. Handbook of adolescent psychology, 2, 721-745. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780471726746.ch23
21. Forbes, K. F., & Zampelli, E. M. (2014). Volunteerism: The influences of social, religious, and human capital. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 43(2), 227-253. https://doi.org/10.1177/0899764012458542
22. Fukuyama, F. (2001). Social capital, civil society and development. Third world quarterly, 22(1), 7-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/713701144
23. Haddock, M., & Devereux, P. (2016). Measuring the Contribution of Volunteering to the Sustainable Development Goals: Challenges and Opportunities. Voluntaris, 4(1), 68-100. https://doi.org/10.5771/2196-3886-2016-1-68
24. Hansen, T., Aartsen, M., Slagsvold, B., & Deindl, C. (2018). Dynamics of volunteering and life satisfaction in midlife and old age: Findings from 12 European countries. Social Sciences, 7(5), 78. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7050078
25. Isham, J., Kolodinsky, J., & Kimberly, G. (2006). The Effects of Volunteering for Nonprofit Organizations on Social Capital Formation: Evidence from a Statewide Survey. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 35(3), 367-383. https://doi.org/10.1177/0899764006290838
26. Karlina, N., Rusli, B., ., S., & ., C. (2019). AN ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL CAPITAL IN EMPOWERMENT COMMUNITY AT UNINHABITABLE HOUSE’S RENOVATION FUND ONWEST BANDUNG REGENCY. https://doi.org/10.18510/hssr.2019.7311
27. Kumar, S., Calvo, R., Avendano, M., Sivaramakrishnan, K., & Berkman, L. F. (2012). Social support, volunteering and health around the world: Cross-national evidence from 139 countries. Social science & medicine, 74(5), 696-706. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.11.017
28. L. N., K., R. M., A., D. V., G., E. N., S., N. N., K., R. M., M., & O. V., P. (2019). METHODS AND TECHNOLOGY FOR ASSESSMENT OF HUMAN CAPITAL OF A UNIVERSITY GRADUATE.
29. Le Renard, A. (2012). From Qurʾānic circles to the internet: Gender segregation and the rise of female preachers in Saudi Arabia Women, Leadership, and Mosques (pp. 105-126): Brill. https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004209367_007
30. Lehtonen, M. (2004). The environmental–social interface of sustainable development: capabilities, social capital, institutions. Ecological economics, 49(2), 199-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2004.03.019
31. Measham, T. G., & Barnett, G. B. (2008). Environmental volunteering: Motivations, modes and outcomes. Australian Geographer, 39(4), 537-552. https://doi.org/10.1080/00049180802419237
32. Meier, S., & Stutzer, A. (2008). Is volunteering rewarding in itself? Economica, 75(297), 39-59.
33. Melles, G. (2018). Sustainable Community Development or Voluntourism: Sustainable Housing in Rural Maharashtra. Social Sciences, 7(12), 247. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7120247
34. Melles, G. (2019). Survey Study on Attitudes to Multi-Dimensional Sustainable Development with UK MSc Students. Social Sciences, 8(3), 75. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8030075
35. Muthuri, J. N., Matten, D., & Moon, J. (2009). Employee volunteering and social capital: Contributions to corporate social responsibility. British Journal of Management, 20(1), 75-89. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8551.2007.00551.x
36. O'Brien, L., Burls, A., Townsend, M., & Ebden, M. (2011). Volunteering in nature as a way of enabling people to reintegrate into society. Perspectives in Public Health, 131(2), 71-81. https://doi.org/10.1177/1757913910384048
37. Onyx, J., Leonard, R., & Hayward-Brown, H. (2004). The special position of volunteers in the formation of social capital. Voluntary Action.
38. Portes, A. (1998). Social capital: Its origins and applications in modern sociology. Annual review of sociology, 24(1), 1-24. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.24.1.1
39. Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community: Simon and schuster. https://doi.org/10.1145/358916.361990
40. Serageldin, I., & Grootaert, C. (1998). 10. Defining social capital: an integrating view. Evaluation and Development: the institutional dimension, 1, 203.
41. Snyder, M., & Omoto, A. M. (2008). Volunteerism: Social issues perspectives and social policy implications. Social Issues and Policy Review, 2(1), 1-36. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-2409.2008.00009.x
42. Wang, L., & Graddy, E. (2008). Social capital, volunteering, and charitable giving. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 19(1), 23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11266-008-9055-y
43. Whiteley, P. F. (1999). The origins of social capital. Social capital and European democracy, 25-44.
44. Wilkinson, J., & Bittman, M. (2002). Neighbourly Acts--Volunteering, Social Capital and Democracy. Australian Journal on Volunteering, 7(2), 32-44.
45. Wollebaek, D., & Selle, P. (2002). Does participation in voluntary associations contribute to social capital? The impact of intensity, scope, and type. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 31(1), 32-61. https://doi.org/10.1177/0899764002311002
46. Wu, Z., Zhao, R., Zhang, X., & Liu, F. (2018). The Impact of Social Capital on Volunteering and Giving: Evidence From Urban China. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 47(6), 1201-1222. https://doi.org/10.1177/0899764018784761
47. Yaméogo, T., Fonta, W., & Wünscher, T. (2018). Can social capital influence smallholder farmers’ climate-change adaptation decisions? Evidence from three semi-arid communities in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Social Sciences, 7(3), 33. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7030033