Main Article Content

Abdul Mutalib M. R.
Mahmud M. I.
Mohd Affandi, H.
Irawan I.
Che Rus R


Vocational Teachers, Career Choice, Malaysian Vocational College, Validation, Teaching profession


Purpose of study: The teaching profession is often seen as a non-rewarding career due to high burden duties that the teachers must endure. Consequently, many teachers lose interest in teaching, which resulted in a lack of job satisfaction. However, this profession has been chosen due to intrinsic, extrinsic and altruistic motivation. In view of this, there are some factors that are not explored in depth in a teaching career at Vocational Colleges.The purpose of this study is to explore Malaysian Vocational College teachers’ career choice. The goals of this research are to discover factors that lead Malaysian Vocational College teachers to pursue teaching and to identify the sub-factors in preparing them to be vocational teachers.

Methodology: The development of the constructs Malaysian Vocational College teachers’ career choice is based on 114 literature review articles. This goal is accomplished through 5 panels of experts consensus through the online questionnaires. Online questionnaires are chosen to conduct the survey because of its good review and user-friendliness. All levels of the agreement will be elevated by using the Fliess Kappa (K ) because more than 2 respondents. Fleiss Kappa is then used to evaluate the level of agreement between the raters.

Result: There are six major key factors found: family influence, socio-cultural influence, individual, situational and spiritual. There are 130 items developed and the overall finding K value is 0.55. Nevertheless, the K value within six major key factors is 0.4 to 0.86. The expert panels agree that this questionnaire might be acceptable with some improvement based on their additional comments in the online form. Based on this validation process, this questionnaire can be used in selecting the quality of Malaysian Vocational College teachers or TVET instructors. For the next step, this questionnaire will be conducted on 52 excellent teachers at Malaysian Vocational Colleges to understand in depth the key factors that significantly influence the decision of an individual to enter the vocational teaching profession in Malaysian Vocational Colleges.

Implications/Applications:  In the future, the findings on this research will expose rich sources on the field of teaching and will be helpful to identify some high-quality TVET teachers in Malaysian Vocational College.


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