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THE INFLUENCE OF MANAGEMENT STYLE AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON THE FORMATION OF EMPLOYEES’ COMMITMENT AND LOYALTY
Corresponding Author(s) : Andrii Trofimov
Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews,
Vol. 7 No. 5 (2019): September
on the formation of commitment and loyalty among the staff, and compare different styles of personnel management and determine the most effective.
Methodology:The methodological basis of the study was formed by the following principles: the principle of internal and external determination unity, the principle of consciousness and activity unity, the principle of systemic nature, the principle of objectivity, the principle of qualitative and quantitative approach in the process of data analysis, the principle of validity. Statistical processing of data included analysis of the significance of differences using the analysis of variance, the determination of correlation relationships between certain indicators. The correlation was performed with Pearson and Spearman coefficients. Statistical processing was carried out with the software package of SPSS 16.0.
Main Findings: The staff is a valuable resource for the organization. And for a long time already it is known, that effective work of employees raises competitiveness and profitableness of the organization. Therefore, the management of personnel, as well as the formation of commitment and loyalty is becoming a top priority. In the course of our study, we studied the factors that affect the formation of commitment and loyalty of employees. We determined that under the current conditions of doing business in Ukraine, the level of loyalty and corporate culture depends on the management style and other factors that affect their level: 1) If the manager is oriented toward production goals, without taking into account the "personal factor", the level of organizational loyalty of subordinate employees is reduced. The highest level of development of communications between workers in the company raises the level of their loyalty. 2) Democratic leadership style increases the level of loyalty, corporate culture, and job satisfaction, and the authoritarian style of leadership leads to their reduction. 3) The presence of diverse tasks that meet the characteristics of workers and positive relationships with colleagues increase the level of loyalty and employee satisfaction. 4) The severity of such tendencies as "trustfulness- tameness -dependence" and "responsiveness-unselfishness-sacrifice" in the manager increases the level of loyalty of subordinates. Taking into account such factors by management as a mode of work, the diversity of work, independence in work, the correspondence of work to abilities, the possibility of advancement, the level of work organization, relations with colleagues, technical equipment, employee satisfaction with his labor can increase the level of corporate culture and its components.
Applications of this study: The study could be useful for HR-specialists, managers, psychologists, and employees in different spheres.
Novelty/Originality of this study: Undoubtedly, loyalty plays an important role in the success of the organization. The level of employees’ loyalty, as well as their attitudes and labor values, largely determine the degree of staff's susceptibility to both external (salary, benefits, working conditions, etc.) and internal (the content of the work performed, the opportunities for professional growth, recognition, and evaluation of achievements) incentives.
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