LAICISM IN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY IN THE 1920-1930S

Main Article Content

Rustam Izmaylov
Albina Imamutdinova
Marina Mefodeva

Keywords

laicism, Kemalism, westernization, Turkish Republic, Ataturk, ideology, nationalism

Abstract

Purpose: The article deals with the Kemalists' policy of secularization and the inclusion of the laicism principle in the ideological doctrine of the Turkish Republic in the 1920-30s.


Methodology: Historical-genetic, historical-comparative and historical-system methods of research were underlain the given study.


Result: Under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk great radical transformations in all spheres of life of the former Ottoman Empire began, namely the state system, the reform of the school and its separation from religion. All these transformations summed up the previous history of Turkey as a dependent, semi-colonial feudal state, clearing the way to modernization and renewal of all aspects of life.


Applications: This research can be used for universities, teachers, and students.


Novelty/Originality: In this research, the model of Laicism in the Republic of Turkey in the 1920-1930s is presented in a comprehensive and complete manner.

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