Main Article Content
citizenship, statehood, Russian youth, social and political orientations, Russian youth policy, , Russian civil society
Purpose of the study: In this study, we analyze citizenship in the structure of socio-political orientations of Russian youth and explore the youth role in strengthening statehood and formation of civil society institutions. The development of active citizenship values in sociopolitical orientations of Russian youth is determined by the need to change relations between the state and society. The citizens shall develop civic responsibility and civil initiatives and control the institutions of power.
Methodology: The theory of social anomie and the concept of socio-cultural crisis serve the methodological basis for this study. This theory explores the eclectic nature of citizenship ideas in the youth environment. The civilizational approach makes it possible to investigate features of citizenship idea and practice information of Western European and Russian cultural traditions. All that is methodologically significant in tracking citizenship specificity of the Russian youth. The integrated approach becomes a conceptual one in this study as it treats the citizenship of Russian youth as a complex multi-component phenomenon. This phenomenon includes moral, legal and socio-political attitudes reflecting the various aspects of relations in the "man-society-state" system.
Results: We conclude that in the citizenship of Russian youth there dominate two main attitudes: liberal and paternalistic. In the liberal aspect, the young people consider citizenship to be awareness of their civil rights and responsibilities, a kind of rational and active behavior corresponding to democratic political system. Paternalistic attitudes are manifested in loyalty to the state. Paternalists consider the state to be the political institution that is solely responsible for the present and future of the young people.
Applications of this study: The results allow us to understand the significance of citizenship as an ethic-legal quality of personality that strengthens Russian statehood and the importance of agreement (contract) between government and society. The results discovered the need for the citizens to be engaged in solving the state's socially significant problems. The state shall also develop a favorable institutional environment for civil socialization and self-realization of the young people.
Novelty/Originality of this study: The eclectic nature of Russian youth citizenship points at hindering factors in the development of active and responsible citizenship as the youth ability to self-organize and solve socially significant problems. The main factors hindering the process of civil activity formation among the young people are the stable etatist-paternalistic traditions of political culture and institutions of Russian civil society. Although, development of youth citizenship is a well-managed process. It requires the youth policy to be the stimulating and guiding force. This force is necessary to solve the problems of legal personality type formation. Such a personality is characterized by politically and socially active civic-mindedness.
2. Arato, A. (1995). The Concept of Civil Society: Ascent, Decay and Recreation. Political Studies, 3: 297-305.
3. Bąk, T., Kardis, M., Valco, M., Kalimullin, A.M., and Galushkin, A.A (2019). A philosophical-sociological diagnosis of youth subcultures in the context of social changes. XLinguae, 12(2): 163-185. https://doi.org/10.18355/XL.2019.12.02.14
4. Banks, J.A. (2014). Educating citizens in a multicultural society. New York: Teachers College Press.
5. Bedrik, A.V. and Zarbaliev, V.Z. (2018). Extremism in The South of Russia: Distributive Factors and Forms of Manifestation. Caucasian Science Bridge, 1(1): 165-176.
6. Belik, M.A. (2012). Socio-political Activity of Youth as the Basis of Citizenship. Scientific Notes, 2: 154-165.
7. Danilevsky, N.Ya. (2008). Rossija i Evropa. [Russia and Europe]. Moscow: TERRA-Knizhnyj klub.
8. Dines, V. (2008). Russian Statehood in the Context of Historical Traditions. Power, 2: 154-167.
9. Durkheim, E. (1982). The Rules of Sociological Method. New York: Routledge.
10. Evgenieva, T.V. (1999). Archaic Mythology in the Political Culture of Russia. Politiya, 1: 331-343. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-16939-9
11. Evgenieva, T.V. (2012). Historical Memory and National State Identity in Modern Russia. Tsennosti i smysly, 5: 133-144.
12. Galushkin, A.A. (2018). Use of Information and Communications Technology to Foster the Competitiveness of the Entrepreneurial Organizations within the Education and Science Sector. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(3.14): 323-326. https://doi.org/10.14419/ijet.v7i3.14.16913
13. Habermas, Ju. (1995). Democracy. Mind. Morality. Moscow Lectures and Interviews. Moscow: Progress.
14. Iskhakov, R.H., Sturikova, M.V., Dercach, I.O., Smirnova, S.V., Miroshnichenko, V.I., and Ribakova, L.A. (2019). Applied Bachelor Degree Programme as the Direction of Mobile Social Teachers Training in the Conditions of Professional and Mobile Practice. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 15(3): em1677. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/103030
15. Kolesnikova, E.Yu., and Lubsky, A.V. (2018). Patriotism and Citizenship of the Youth in the South of Russia: Paradigms of Sociological Research. Gumanitary Juga Rossii, 7: 5-14.
16. Konysheva, A.V., Chirkina, S.E., and Vasbieva, D.G. (2019). Features of Forming Students’ Reflective Position While Studying Mathematics at University by Means of Information and Communication Technologies. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 15(3): em1684. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/103049
17. Kvon, G.M., Faleeva, L.V., Pyrkova, G.K., Alyakina, D.P., Mustafina, A.A., Kryukova, N.I., and Blekus, V.V. (2017). Strategic priorities of regional investment activity. Eurasian Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 12(7): 1099-1106. https://doi.org/10.12973/ejac.2017.00235a
18. Masalimova, A.R., Mikhaylovsky, M.N., Grinenko, A.V., Smirnova, M.E., Andryushchenko, L.B., Kochkina, M.A., and Kochetkov, I.G. (2019). The Interrelation between Cognitive Styles and Copying Strategies among Student Youth. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 15(4): em1695. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/103565
19. Mchedlov, M.P. (2001). Russian Civilization. Civilization of Russia: Ethnocultural and Spiritual Aspects. Moscow: Respublika.
20. Merton, R.K. (1996). Social Structure and Anomie. Chicago: Social Structure and Science.
21. Poluhin, O.N. (2002). The Formation of Citizenship in Russia: Socio-philosophical Analysis. Moscow: Municipalny mir.
22. Popper, K. (1991). The Open Society and its Enemies. Moscow: Nauka.
23. Rodina, O.A. (2005). Features of Youth Public Associations Development: a Look "From the Inside". Collection of scientific articles of the Inter-regional youth sociological readings. Ekaterinburg: UrAGS.
24. Rozhkova, L.V., and Vasilyeva, N.D. (2014). Citizenship and Patriotism as the Basis of Social Consolidation of Russian Society. Monitoring of public opinion, 3(121): 78-83. https://doi.org/10.14515/monitoring.2014.3.08
25. Sangadzhiev, B.V., Marchuk, N.N., and Galushkin, A.A. (2013). Courts of general jurisdiction in Russian federation as an instrument of human rights and freedoms protection. World Applied Sciences Journal, 26(5): 688-691.
26. Sergeeva, N.N. (2019). Ethno-cultural Education in Formation of Citizenship Culture in Conditions of Socio-cultural Split of the Russian Society. Gumanitary Juga Rossii, 8(1): 154-165.
27. Sheregi, F.Je. (2013). The Russian Youth: Mood, Expectations, Value Orientations. Moscow: Nauka.
28. Shevchenko, O.M., Volkov, Yu.G., Lubsky, A.V., Dyachenko, A.N., Glushkova, S.A. (2018). Civic consciousness as a matter of disciplinary discursive practices in Russia. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(2): 162-166. https://doi.org/10.14419/ijet.v7i2.13.11595
29. Shogenov, M.Z., Gunya, A.N., Chechenov, A.M., Chemaev, N.A. (2018). Local Civil Society and its Contribution to the Stability in the North Caucasus: the Example of Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia. Caucasian Science Bridge, 1: 154-165.
30. Sibgatullina, T.V., Utemov, V.V., Galushkin, A.A., and Zaitseva, N.A. (2019). Age Heterogeneity of STEM Educators. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 15(7): em1730. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/108429
31. Sledzevsky, I.V. (2005). Civilizational Risks of Modern World Development. World Order or Disorder. Moscow: Institut Afriki.
32. Solomatova, S.N. (2007). Influence of Peculiarities of the Russian Mentality on the Process of Russian Civil Society Formation. Omskij nauchnyj vestnik, 4(58): 143-154.
33. Tastan, S.B., & Davoudi, S.M.M. (2013). A study of the relationship among organizational justice, psychological empowerment and organizational citizenship behavior, Innovation, Communication and Engineering, 325. https://doi.org/10.1201/b16658-57
34. Tastan, S.B., & Davoudi, S.M.M. (2017). The Relationship between Organisational Climate and Organizational Innovativeness: Testing the Moderating Effect of Individual Values of Power and Achievement. International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, Inderscience Publishers, 12(4): 465-483. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJBIR.2017.10003335
35. Tokvil, A.D. (1992). Democracy in America. Moscow: Progress.
36. Volkov, Yu.G., Lubsky, A.V., Kovalev, V.V., Shevchenko, O.M. (2018). Civil organisations and civil institutional practices in the regional communities in the South of Russia. Revista Publicando, 5(18), 253-265.
37. Weber, M. (2003). Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism. Moscow: Progress.
38. Yorov, J.N., Zaitseva, N.A., Larionova, A.A., Povorina, E.V., Chudnovskiy, A.D., Dmitrieva, N.V., and Takhumova, O.V. (2019). Prospects of Preservation of Biological System of Regions due to Development of Ecological Tourism in the Republic of Tajikistan. Ekoloji, 28(107): 85-91.