Main Article Content
Composite Index, Central India, Socio-economic, Tribal, Gond
Purpose of the study: The purpose of the study is to reveal the facts that fall under composite index; socio-economic, health and education status of Gond Tribe in Betul district of Madhya Pradesh. The study exposed the facts whether the tribal people are aware and benefitted from the Government programs related to Education and Health running in these areas or not.
Methodology: The study has used purposive and systematic sampling for selecting the sample of 154households. SPSS 21 and AMOS are used for data analysis. The Multinomial Logistic Regression, Correlation and Regression Analysis and Multiple Correlation and Regression Analysis, are used for analyzing the data. The percentage-wise analysis is used for analyzing other facts related to socio-economic, health and education services.
Main Findings: Medical and educational services are not satisfactory in the tribal region. The result reveals that there is a significant correlation between household income and the health status of the family. The study explored households whose incomes are less than five thousand in such families’ adults are suffering from chronic diseases whereas children are facing malnutrition problems.
Applications of this study: The study has discussed specific ideas that will help the government in implementing programs/ schemes so that it will help in improvising the quality of life of the tribal people.
Novelty/ Originality of this study: The work is a highly original and innovative and studied composite index in context to the Gond tribe, it reflects the ground-level reality of the welfare programs which are running for the benefits of the tribal.
2. Basu, S. (2000). Dimension of Tribal Health in India.Health and Population- Perspectives and Issues, 23(2), 61-70.
3. Dash, A. (2013). Relates on Tribal Education and Health: Evidence from Rural Odisha, India.International Research Journal of Social Sciences, 2(11), November, 11-16.
4. Dhargupta, A., Goswami, A. et al. (2009). Study on the Effect of Socio-economic Parameters on Health Status of the Toto, Santal, Sabarand Lodha Tribes of W.B. India. Studies of Tribes and Tribals, 7 (1), 31-38. https://doi.org/10.1080/0972639X.2009.11886592
5. Indian Council of Medical Research. (1990). Nutritional Requirements and Recommended Dietary Allowances for Indians. New Delhi: ICMR.
6. Lokur Committee (1965). The Report of the Advisory Committee on the Revision of the Lists of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Department of Social Security. Government of India: New Delhi. p.7
7. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Tribal Affairs. (2018, Oct.). Tribal Health in India Bridging the Gap and a Roadmap for the Future (2018). Government of India: New Delhi. 1-33, 121
8. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. (2017, Dec.). National Family Health Survey-4(2015-16). Mumbai: IIPS, p.197. Retrieved from http://rchiips.org/nfhs/NFHS-4Reports/India.pdf
9. Ministry of Human Resource Development. Department of School Education & Literacy Statistics Division. (2018). Educational Statistics at a Glance. Government of India: New Delhi, 60-64.
10. Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation. (2013, Jan-Dec).Household Ownership and Operational Holdings in India. NSSO (70th Round, Report No. 571). Government of India: New Delhi. p i, 14.
11. Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation. (2018, July-Dec). Drinking Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Housing Condition in India. NSSO (76th Round, Report No. 584). Government of India: New Delhi. 142-143.
12. Ministry of Tribal Affairs. (2013).Statistical Profile of Scheduled Tribes in India. Statistics Division. Government of India: New Delhi. p.275
13. Ministry of Tribal Affairs. (2013. Statistical Profiles of Scheduled Tribes in India.Statistical Division. Government of India. New Delhi: 1 -39.
14. Mitra, M. &Sahu, P. K. et al. (2007). Nutritional and Health Status of Gond and Kawar Tribal Pre-school Children of Chhattisgarh, India.Journal of Human Ecology, 21(4), 293- 299. https://doi.org/10.1080/09709 274.2007.11905988
15. Office of Registrar General & Census Commissioner India. (2011) Census Info. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India: New Delhi. Retrieved from http://censusindia.gov.in/Tables_Publish ed/SCST/ST% 20Lists.pdf
16. Office of Registrar General & Census Commissioner India. (2011).Census Info. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India: New Delhi. Retrievedfrom http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/HLO/HH14.html
17. Pradhan, S. & Sharma, K. (2011). Nutritional Status of Bhil Tribal Children in Madhya Pradesh, India: A Cross-Sectional Study.Studies of Tribes and Tribals, 9(1), 37-40. https://doi.org/10.1080/0972639X.2011.11886626
18. Rao, H. (1986). Health and Nutritional Status of Tribal in Madhya Pradesh. Hyderabad: National Institute of Nutrition.
19. Retrieved from https://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/11218/9/09_chapter%201.pdf
20. Sharma, A. &Dubey, R. (2017). An Exploratory Study of Education and Health Status of Gond Tribe: With Special Reference to Banda Tehsil of Sagar District, M.P.Quest, 11(2), 144-151. https://doi.org/10.5958/2249-0035.2017.00019.5
21. Sujatha, K. (1999). Working document in the series: Strategies of education and training for disadvantaged groups, Education of India Scheduled Tribes: A Study of Community Schools in the District of Vishakhapatnam, A.P.(183-186), Paris (Indian Council of Medical Research , 1990): IIEP (UNESCO).
22. Swaminathan, S.(2014).Taking Healthcare to India’s Remote Tribes - The Hindu (Online). Updated on 19 July 2016, 1-4.
23. Weiner, J.S. &Lourie, J. A. (1981). Practical Human Biology. Oxford London: Academic Press.
24. World Health Organization (1995). Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. WHO Technical Report No. 854. Geneva: WHO.