Purpose: In the article, the changes in the geopolitical situation on the North-East for four preceding, partial centuries are considered.

Methodology: Up to the inclusion in the structure of Russia, this extensive region (2.3 million km2) with the considerable natural-resources potential has actually existed out of the world geopolitical processes, basically, because of the extremeness of the natural climatic conditions, remoteness from the centers of world civilization and limited technical and technological capabilities in those times.

Result: The different stages in the state of the geopolitical position of the region in prior centuries are identified and their repeatedly and multidirectional varying characteristics during the period in question are reported. It is also emphasized that the measures attempted by Russia for strengthening of the geopolitical position on the North-East gave rise abroad to the negative response consonant with the current ones practically at all considered stages. The current stage is considered as a period of the drastically varying external geopolitical conditions and increased technical capabilities when the geopolitical significance of the North-East for Russia increases by a factor of many times.

Applications: This research can be used for universities, teachers, and students.

Novelty/Originality: In this research, the model of About Dynamics of the Geopolitical Position of the North-East of Russia in the 17-th-21-st Centuries is presented in a comprehensive and complete manner.


  1. Baklanov, P. Y., & Romanov, M. T. (2009). Ekonomiko-geograficheskoye i geopoliticheskoye polozhenie Tikhookeanskoy Rossii (Economic-geographical and geopolitical position of the Pacific Russia). Vladivostok: Dalnauka Publ, 360.
  2. Glotov, V. E., & Glotova, L. P. (2007). Features of the distribution of the balneological resources of the Russian North-East. Bulletin of the FEB of RAS, 6, 79 – 94.
  3. Krasheninnikov, S. P. (1949). Description of Kamchatka land. Moscow-Lenuingrad: publ. by Northern Sea Route Authority, 841 p.
  4. Magidovich, I. P., & Magidovich, V. I. (1957). Ocherki po istorii geograficheskikh otkrytii (Essays on the history of geographic discoveries). Moscow: Uchpedgiz.
  5. Villalobos Antúnez, J. V. (2013). El lugar del saber en la formación universitaria. Bioética, currículo y gestión del conocimiento para el desarrollo humano. Opción, 29(72).
  6. Shvedov, V. G., Romanov, M. T., Ushakov, E. A., & Churzina, A. A. (2018). Spatial organization of the Lena-Amur transport route. Natural and engineering sciences, 12(21), 154 – 160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cobeha.2018.05.003
  7. Khrushchev, A. N. (Ed). (2001). Economic and social geography of Russia. Moscow: Drofa, 672 p.
  8. Deudney, D. (2000). Geopolitics as theory: Historical security materialism. European Journal of International Relations, 6(1), 77-107. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354066100006001004
  9. Grainger, J. D. (2008). The First Pacific War: Britain and Russia, 1854-1856. Boydell Press.
  10. Borisov, V.I. (2018). Influence of the food crisis for the revolution of the working mass of russia in the years of the first world war (August 1914 - February 1917), Historical Bulletin. 1(2), 49 – 55.
  11. Kerr, D. (1995). The new Eurasianism: The rise of geopolitics in Russia's foreign policy. Europe-Asia Studies, 47(6), 977-988. https://doi.org/10.1080/09668139508412300
  12. Smith, G., & Wilson, A. (1997). Rethinking Russia's post‐soviet Diaspora: The potential for political mobilisation in eastern Ukraine and north‐east Estonia. Europe-Asia Studies, 49(5), 845-864. https://doi.org/10.1080/09668139708412476
  13. Ebinger, C. K., & Zambetakis, E. (2009). The geopolitics of Arctic melt. International Affairs, 85(6), 1215-1232. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2346.2009.00858.x
  14. Stern, J., Rogers, H., Yafimava, K., Pirani, S., El-Katiri, L., Honore, A., ... & Dickel, R. (2014). Reducing European Dependence on Russian Gas–distinguishing natural gas security from geopolitics. https://doi.org/10.26889/9781784670146
  15. Jukarainen, P. (1999). Norden is Dead—Long Live the Eastwards Faced Euro-North: Geopolitical Re-making of Norden in a Nordic Journal. Cooperation and Conflict, 34(4), 355-382. https://doi.org/10.1177/00108369921961933
  16. Marketos, T. N. (2008). China's Energy Geopolitics: The Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Central Asia. Routledge.
  17. Kuhrt, N. (2007). Russian policy towards China and Japan: the El'tsin and Putin periods. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203716885
  18. Dannreuther, R. (2003). Asian security and China's energy needs. International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, 3(2), 197-219. https://doi.org/10.1093/irap/3.2.197
  19. Wivel, A., & Mouritzen, H. (2004). The geopolitics of Euro-Atlantic integration. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203496602
  20. Berg, E. (2000). Deconstructing border practices in the Estonian‐Russian borderland. Geopolitics, 5(3), 78-98. https://doi.org/10.1080/14650040008407692
  21. Chufrin, G. (2003). Russia's economic and strategic interests in North-East Asia. Asia Europe Journal, 1(2), 251-262. https://doi.org/10.1007/s103080300024
  22. Clowes, E. W. (2011). Russia on the edge: imagined geographies and post-Soviet identity. Cornell University Press. https://doi.org/10.7591/cornell/9780801448560.001.0001