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CONTENT AND ORGANIZATION OF TEACHING ORTHOGRAPHY AS ONE OF THE COMPONENTS OF WRITTEN SPEECH (ON THE EXAMPLE OF ENGLISH)
Corresponding Author(s) : Alsu Saetzianovna Khakimzianova
Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews,
Vol. 7 No. 6 (2019): November
Purpose of the study: This article proposes a system for teaching English spelling as one of the aspects of mastering a word, i.e. mastering the acoustic, semantic, functional, and graphic-orthographic sides of a word. The task of the given research is considering the operational content of the process of re-encrypting audio signals into alphabetic, i.e. act of writing itself, as one of the components of writing.
Methodology: The analysis of the process of replacing acoustic signals with letters in the act of writing in order to identify its structure is based on scientific ideas about the patterns of functioning of the speech mechanism, of which the act of writing itself is a part. The content of learning activities in mastering English spelling includes sets of actions for both teachers and students. The approximate stage in the activity of mastering English spelling begins with the presentation of a visual image of previously orally worked out words.
Results: After identifying signs of learning difficulties in a graphic orthographic form of the words being acquired, a kind of problem situation is created, i.e. there is a need to choose actions that would most effectively overcome difficulties. The teacher helps and guides this choice. Teaching orientation in educational material, training individual actions and inclusion of acquired words in written speech activity are recognized as the main stages in such training. The authors actualize the need for specially organized didactic processes - learning steps that together form a learning activity, which is a way to form the mechanisms on which the act of writing is based.
Applications of this study: This research can be used for the universities, teachers, and students.
Novelty/Originality of this study: In this research, the model of the Content and Organization of Teaching Orthography as one of the Components of Written Speech is presented in a comprehensive and complete manner.
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