EMPOWERING LABORS IN BRICK FACTORIES: DEVELOPING INSTITUTIONAL ORGANIZATION, TRAINING, AND ACCESS TO CAPITAL

Main Article Content

Sumarlin Adam
Darwin Botutihe
Muhammad Obie

Keywords

Empowerment, Labor, Brick Factory, Institutional Organization, Training, Capital

Abstract

Purpose: This study analyzed the empowerment of brick factory laborers, related to the relations of labors and employers in the production to marketing processes, problems faced by laborers, their potential, and the priority of empowerment programs for brick factory laborers.


Methodology: In collecting data, researchers used the method of observation, in-depth interviews, and focused group discussion as the primary data source, and the literature study method as a secondary data source. Researchers analyzed data with a qualitative approach. When the data collection took place, researchers began to analyze data until a certain time even though the time of data collection has been completed.


Findings: Three principal components are interrelated in brick production, namely: landowners, employers, and laborers. The employer rents land from the landowner and employs labors to produce bricks. Between labors and landowners do not have a direct employment relationship, because it is the employer who presents his work. In the case of labor and employer relations, labors are in an exploited and alienated position, which leaves workers powerless. Several labor problems that occur in working relationships in brick factories are: labors get salaries not based on provincial minimum wages, labors do not have social protection, labors find it difficult to meet basic needs, weak legal protection, labors do not get holiday allowances, face dismissal problems, and it is hard to get jobs outside the brick factory. What can be done to empower labors in a brick factory is to build an institutional labor organization, organize training to strengthen labor capacity, and open access to ownership of production capital.  


Implications: This research was beneficial to create the community of labors in brick factories that were empowered, socially, economically, and politically.


Novelty: The labors in brick factories can be empowered by developing an institutional organization of labors, strengthening labor capacity through training, and opening access to ownership of production capital. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 8 | PDF Downloads 7

References

1. Alisjahbana. (2006). Marginalisasi Sektor Informal Perkotaan. Surabaya: ITS Press.
2. Apriliani, T. (2016). Hubungan Kerja dalam Industri Fast Fashion: Analisis Isi terhadap Fenomena Eksploitasi (Studi Kasus Film the True Cost dan Nike Sweatshops). Informasi Kajian Ilmu Komunikasi, 46(1), 33-48. https://doi.org/10.21831/informasi.v46i1.9647
3. Central Bureau of Statistics. (2017). Data on Informal Sector Workers. Jakarta: BPS.
4. Damsar. (1997). Sosiologi Ekonomi. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.
5. Kaawoan, S., Dukalang, H., & Obie, M. (2019). Women Family Heads Empowerment around the Hubulo Islamic Boarding School. Public Administration Research, 8(1), 14-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/par.v8n1p14
6. Lippitt, J. W. (1985). The Dynamics of Planned Change; a Comparative Study of Principles and Technique. New York: Harcourt.
7. Mazumdar, D. (1976). The urban informal sector. World Development, 4(8), 655-679. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(76)90047-4
8. Moidady, N. I., Soetarto, E., & Agusta, I. (2017). The Exploitation Reserve Army of Labour in the Rural Capitalism: Oil Palm Plantation Study in Bualemo District, Banggai Regency, Central Sulawesi Province. Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan, 5(3), 184-190. https://doi.org/10.22500/sodality.v5i3.19391
9. Moleong, L. J. (2005). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif (Edisi Revisi). Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.
10. Notoatmodjo, S. (2010). Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
11. Obie, M., Yusuf, I. D. S., & Sumai, S. (2019). Empowerment of Palm Sugar Peasants at the Forst Edge of Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park, Indonesia: A Study of Problems, Local Potentials, and Priority Ideas Towards Empowered Community. Environment and Natural Resources Research, 9(1), 77-90. https://doi.org/10.5539/enrr.v9n1p77
12. Obie, M., Dilo, A. U., Syilfi, & Meiarni, I. (2019). Utilization of Coconut Fiber as a Poor Households Empowerment Base (A Case in Bongomeme District of Gorontalo Regency, Indonesia). Modern Applied Science, 13(6), 68-74. https://doi.org/10.5539/mas.v13n6p68
13. Patton, M. Q. (1990). Qualitative Evaluation and Research Method (2nd edition). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
14. Satori, D., & Komariah, A. (2014). Metodologi Penelitian Pendidikan. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.
15. Sejati, A. N., & Wijaya, M. (2015). Peran Buruh Dalam Kesejahteraan Sosial Perusahaan PT. Senang Kharisma Textile. Jurnal Sosiologi Dilema, 30(1), 17-26.
16. Soekanto, S. (2010). Pengantar Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: UI Press.
17. Soetjipto. (1985). Dasar-Dasar Ekonomi Sektor Informal. Jakarta: Erlangga.
18. Sugiyono. (2009). Memahami Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: CV. Alfabeta.
19. Sugiyono. (2015). Memahami Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: CV. Alfabeta.
20. Sumaryadi. (2005). Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah Otonom dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Jakarta: CV Citra Utama.
21. Suparjan & Suyatna, H. (2003). Pengembangan Masyarakat, dari Pembangunan Sampai Pemberdayaan. Yogyakarta: Aditya Media.
22. Takdir, M. (2018). Transformasi Kesetaraan Buruh: Studi Kritis Teori Keadilan John Rawls. Sosiologi Reflektif, 12(2), 327 – 351. https://doi.org/10.14421/jsr.v12i2.1430
23. Widjaja. (2003). Otonomi Desa Merupakan Otonomi Yang Asli, Bulat dan Utuh, Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.
24. Zuhdan, M. (2014). Perjuangan Gerakan Buruh Tidak Sekedar Upah: Melacak Perkembangan Isu Gerakan Buruh di Indonesia Pasca Reformasi. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, 17(3), 272 – 290. https://doi.org/10.22146/jsp.13086