Main Article Content


This paper highlights the metallic, polymeric and ceramic materials used to manufacture the bearings, the kind of failures experienced with those materials and their causes. The failure mechanism of bearings and influence of various elements on their properties are reviewed. It is identified from the study that the failure is mainly provoked by initiating the surface micro crack/flake and then subsequently propagating them to failure. Materials influencing wear resistance to control the material removal rate without much compromising the fracture toughness are discussed. The advanced composite materials used in bearings are also discussed. A review on nano composites is also done to turn out the research on bearing materials towards nano composites. The evolution of MMC, nano composites is investigated to come to a conclusion on stimulating a research work to make a better material for bearings at room temperature and cryogenic temperature. A suitable polymer material is suggested for carrying out the research at cryogenic temperature for low temperature application of bearings.


Bearing Materials Failure Causes Research Exposure.

Article Details

How to Cite
Rubens, N. J., R, S., & Sudhan, H. S. (2015). A REVIEW ON THE MATERIALS USED FOR BEARING AND FAILURE BEHAVIOR. Students’ Research in Technology & Management, 1(5), 528-546. Retrieved from


  1. Benjamin P. Boesl, Gerald R. Bourne, Bhavani V. Sankar, Insitu multiscale analysis of fracture
  2. mechanisms in nanocomposites, Composites: Part B 42 (2011) 1157-1163
  3. Y.Qiao, S.Alvar, S.S.Chakravarthula, Essential Fracture Work of Nylon 6-Silicate
  4. Nanocomposites, Wiley InterScience, DOI 10.1002 / app.21241
  5. Kui Wang, Rodrigue Matadi Boumbimba et al, Dynamic Compressive Behavior of a Melt Mixed
  6. Polypropylene/Organoclay Nanocomposites, Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology,
  7. January 2012, Vol. 134 / 010905-1
  8. A.Zandiatashbar, R.C.Picu, N.Koratkar, Mechanical Behavior of Epoxy-Graphene platelets
  9. Nanocomposites, Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, July 2012, Vol. 134 /
  10. -1
  11. Wyatt Leininger, Xinnan Wang, X.W.Tangpong, Marshall McNea, Nanoscale Structural and
  12. Mechanical Characterization of MWCNT-Reinforced Polymer Composites, Journal of
  13. Engineering Materials and Technology, April 2012, Vol. 134 / 021011-1
  14. K.S.Chan, Y.D.Lee, S.J.Hudak, Jr.,Model for the Effect of Fiber Bridging on the Fracture
  15. Resistance of Reinforced-Carbon-Carbon, Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology,
  16. April 2011, Vol. 133/021017-1
  17. Rodrigue Matadi Boumbimma, Said Ahzi et al, Dynamic Mechanical Properties of
  18. PMMA/Organoclay Nanocomposite: Experiments and Modeling, Journal of Engineering
  19. Materials and Technology, July 2011, Vol. 133 / 030908-1
  20. Osman Asi, An experimental study on the bearingstrength behavior of Al2O3 particle filled glass
  21. fiber reinforced epoxy composites pinned joints, Composite Structures 92 (2010) 354-363
  22. Amir Afshar, Iman Massoumi et al, Fracture behavior of dependence on load-bearing capacity of
  23. filler in nano and microcomposites of polypropylene containing calcium carbonate, Materials and
  24. Design 31 (2010) 802-807
  25. Qi-hua Wang, Xin-rui Zhang, Xian-qiang Pei, Study on the friction and wear behavior of basalt
  26. fabric composites filled with graphite and nano-SiO2, Materials and Design 31 (2010) 1403-1409
  27. R.Jones, S.Pitt, D.Hui, A.Brunner, Fatigue crack growth in nano-composites, Composite
  28. Structures 99 (2013) 375-379
  29. Long-Cheng Tang, Hui Zhang, et al, Fracture mechanisms of epoxy based ternary-composites
  30. filled with rigid-soft particles 72 (2012) 558-565
  31. M.R.Ayatollahi, S.Shadlou, M.M.Shokrieh, Fracture toughness of epoxy/multi-walled carbon
  32. nanotube nano-composites under bending and shear loading conditions, Materials and Design 32
  33. (2011) 2115-2124
  34. Z.Ahmad, M.P.Ansell, D.Smedley, Epoxy Adhesives Modified with Nano- and Microparticles
  35. for In Situ Timber Bonding: Fracture Toughness Characteristics, Journal of Engineering
  36. Materials and Technology, July 2011, Vol. 133 / 031006-1
  37. Nguyen Tien Phong, Mohammed H. Gabr, et al, Improvement in the mechanical performances of
  38. carbon fiber/epoxy composite with addition of nano(Polyvinyl alcohol) finers, Composite
  39. Structures 99 ( 2013) 380-387
  40. Daniel R.Bortz, Cesar Merino, Ignacio Martin-Gullon, Carbon nanofibers enhance the fracture
  41. toughness and fatigue performance of a structural epoxy system, Composites Science and
  42. Technology 71 (2011) 31-38
  43. Bodo Fiedler, Florian H.Gojny et al, Fundamental aspects of nano-reinforced composites,
  44. Composites Science and Technology 66 (2006) 3115-3125
  45. C.Y.H.Lim, D.K.Leo, J.J.S.Ang, M.Gupta, Wear of magnesium composites reinforced with nanosized
  46. alumina particulates, Wear 259 (2005) 620-625
  47. Yinngguang Liu, Jianqiu Zhou, Tongde Shen, Effect of nano-metal particles on the fracture
  48. toughness on metal-ceramic composite, Materials and Design 45 (2013) 67-71
  49. Emin Ergun, Kubilay Aslantas, Suleyman Tasgetiren, Effect of crack position on stress intensity
  50. factor in particle-reinforced metal-matrix composites, Mechanics Research Communications 35
  51. (2008) 209-218
  52. Ali Mazahery, Mohsen Ostad Shabani, Plasticity and microstructure of A356 matrix nano
  53. composites, Journal of King Saud University – Engineering Sciences (2013) 25, 41-48
  54. S.Hotta, D.R.Paul, Nanocomposites formed from linear low density polyethylene and
  55. organoclays, Polymer 45 (2004) 7639-7654
  56. Hyunwoo kim, Shingo Kobayashi et al, Graphene/polyethylene Nanocomposites: Effect of
  57. polyethylene functionalization and blending methods, Polymer 52 (2011) 1837-1846
  58. M.A. Almaadeed, Mabrouk Ouederni, P. Noorunnisa, Effect of chain structure on the properties
  59. of Glass fiber/polyethylene composites, Materials and design 47 (2013) 725-730
  60. Nadir Ayrilmis, AlperenKaymakci, et al, Mechanical performance of composites based on wastes
  61. of polyethylene aluminum lignocellulosics, Composites: Part B 47 (2013) 150-154
  62. J. Morawiec, A. Pawlak, M. Slouf , et al, Preparation and properties of compatibilized
  63. LDPE/organo-modified montmorillonite Nanocomposites, European Polymer Journal 41 (2005)
  64. -1122

Most read articles by the same author(s)