Purpose of the Study: The urgency of the problem under investigation is due to the fact that the issue of gifted students’ education is one of the most difficult and interesting aspects of contemporary pedagogy. The purpose of the article is to identify the psychological characteristics of the gifted students’ development. In this article, the school difficulties of gifted students are revealed and the causes of internal and external nature are analyzed. The authors pay special attention to the social and emotional consequences, which can be rather destructive if appropriate assistance is not provided by teachers, psychologists, and parents.
Methodology: The leading approach to the study of this problem is a method of theoretical analysis and synthesis of social, political and psycho-pedagogical literature.
Results: The main result of the study is a theoretical analysis of the relationship between learning and the development of gifted children and their psychological characteristics.
Application: The materials of the article can be useful for teachers, students and a wide range of readers interested in the problems of gifted students’ education.
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