Manuscript Preparation Guidelines
Authors are STRONGLY advised to prepare the manuscript as per the following guidelines otherwise it will delay the publication and possible rejection as well.
Submit two files during submission. (1) Main article text where all author details are removed. Also, remove the section of the author's contribution in this main text file. (2) Author Details file that contains full names (remove prefixes like Dr, Prof, Mr, Miss) of all co-authors, affiliation with country, and email of all co-authors. Add the author's contribution to this file.
Various headings and subheadings of the study MAY be decided by authors. Here we present one sample style. Your headings MAY be different depending on the nature of the study.
As per new guidelines in APA 7th edition writing Language should be inclusive and bias-free such as gender, age, disability, racial and ethnic identity, and sexual orientation, as well as being sensitive to labels and describing individuals at the appropriate level of specificity.
Title of the study should be written in 15 to 20 words. A title should be short, simple, easy to understand, and should be commonly searchable in Google. Don't use a title that never comes in the mind of a reader.
5000 words and/or above, excluding references.
Not more than 5 authors. All authors have to mention the clear cut contribution in the article.
It should be strictly written within 300 words under the following subheadings. So that article can be easily followed by readers. If abstract quality not satisfactory, it will be returned for revision at the first stage only.
i. Purpose of the study: In simple words tell readers about the aim of this study. No discussion, no story only aim of this study [50-60 words]
ii. Methodology: Give name, brand, type of tools, methods, software, review, and survey that has been used to do this study. No discussion or explanation. [50-60 words]
iii. Main Findings: Write only the main results in few words. No discussion or explanation. [50-60 words]
iv. Applications of this study: where this study can be useful, give the name of area, disciplines etc [50-60 words]
v. Novelty/Originality of this study: what is new in this study that may benefit readers or how it is advancing the existing knowledge or creating new knowledge in this subject. [50-60 words]
5 to 6 very specific keywords should be given. Avoid big phrases. Google will never find your article. Take 2 or 3 keywords from the title. Keywords should be commonly Google searchable terms.
Introduction [500-1000 words]:
This section should provide the background of the study in easy words. In this section, the author should discuss the research problem in very clear words. Also, discuss the motivation of the study. Provide in-text citations in APA 7th style for all the facts that are presented here.
Literature Review [1000-1500 words]:
Review of literature can be written as per the requirement of your study i.e. argumentive or systematic or methodological related to the work of previous researchers should be presented. For help see the link - https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/literaturereview
Minimum 20 good and recent works (year 2010 onwards) should be presented. This section can be merged with the introduction section as well. Here the author can discuss the research gap that this study is going or willing to cover. Provide in-text citation in APA style as follows:
- An earlier study in which X and Y were compared revealed that … (Smith, 2017).
- Smith (2017) shows how, in the past, research into X was mainly concerned with …
- In 2017, research was carried out by Smith that indicated that
You can follow this link for free citation - https://www.scribbr.com/apa-citation-generator/?scr_source=Apa+Generator+cta&scr_medium=Scribbr+services+cta&scr_campaign=Knowledgebase+sidebar&frm=#/
Methodology [500-1000 words]:
For the quantitative study: Present the materials, methods, survey, questionnaire, etc used for the study. The author should explain whether this study is experimental, or review study, or simulation-based or survey-based. Discuss software, the hardware used during the study with their brand names. Mention all research conditions, assumptions, theories followed. This section should be easy enough for any reader to repeat the study under similar conditions.
For the qualitative study: Include methodological orientation [grounded theory, discourse analysis, ethnography, phenomenology, content analysis] Sampling [number of participants, Method of approach, where the data was collected] Data collection [interview, Audiovisual, field notes] and data analysis [number of data coders, software, etc.]
For the Systematic Review Literature: Clear questions, method of collecting secondary data, nature of review [qualitative, Overviews of Systematic Reviews (OoRs)] and review tool.
Results [500-1000 words]:
Presents the data, the facts – what you found, calculated, discovered, observed.
Use good quality image and give caption below the image Fig 1:………….
The caption for the table should be above the table. Table 1: …….
[Different table and figure can't be used parallelly in MS word page, they must be sequential with proper table/figure name and number]
Discussion [1000-1500 words]:
Provide logical, and scientific analysis of findings of the study. Present evidence to support your analysis by citing the work of earlier researchers or existing theories. [How your results agree or disagree with previous studies, and why]. 10 to 15 good citations should be given to support arguments.
Limitations and Study Forward:
No study covers all aspects of the research problem. The author should discuss the limitations or gaps of this study. And also present future scope or plan of the study.
The author should present a list of acknowledgements at the end. Any financial or nonfinancial support for the study should be acknowledged.
To avoid the possibility of ghostwriting, we suggest all co-authors should clearly mention their sizeable contribution to the article. Simply saying all authors contribute equally will not be accepted.
All references should be cited inside the body and hyperlinked with corresponding in-text citations.
- Minimum 50 good quality references (which are cited inside the main body of the article) required with Crossref DOI.
- Website, newspaper references, should be limited to 5-10.
- All references and in-text citations should be in APA 7th edition and present inside the main body of the article. Don’t put extra references which are not cited.
- All references should be cited inside the article at the proper place in APA 7th style. Visit here to learn about hyperlinking citations with references.
- You are free to add a list of further readings and put add extra references, websites, books etc in that section.
Samples for APA 7th edition referencing. (Detail at http://owll.massey.ac.nz/referencing/apa-6th-vs-7th-edition.php)
Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each work.
Offline Journal article
Harris, M., Karper, E., Stacks, G., Hoffman, D., De Niro, R., Cruz, P., et al. (2001). Writing labs and the Hollywood connection. Journal of Film Writing, 44(3), 213–245.
Article by DOI
Gelkopf, M., Ryan, P., Cotton, S., & Berger, R. (2008). The impact of “training the trainers” for helping tsunami-survivor children on Sri Lankan disaster volunteer workers. International Journal of Stress Management, 15(2), 117-135. https://doi.org/10.1037/1072-5245.15.2.117
Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. American Psychological Association.
Forsyth, D. (2018). Probability and statistics for computer science. Springer Publishing Company. https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783319644097
Lawson, J. F. (2019). The impacts of plastic on Indonesian migratory birds. Department of Conservation. https://www.doc.govt.nz/reports/birds/indonesiaplastic/
Ministry of Education. (2009). Research ethics in New Zealand: A student guide.
Free Resources for Authors
Editorial board suggests the following resources for authors while preparing a good quality manuscript.
It's a FREE software to help authors to write correct English for all types of technical and non-technical content. In the free version, the author gets spelling, punctuation, and grammar error-free content. The premium plan gives advanced features and plagiarism check.
Grammarly's free writing app makes sure your messages, documents, and social media posts are clear, mistake-free, and effective.
Mendeley is a free reference manager and an academic social network. Manage your research, showcase your work, connect and collaborate with over six million researchers worldwide.
It provides FREE cloud library space of 2GB. Easy to use. The browser extension will help you to collect and store the metadata of an article directly from the website into your library. A strong search engine inside Mendeley will help you to search and save millions of articles.
You are writing an article and wants DOI of a reference that you used in the article. Then visit here in CrossRef website. Register your email id and then search DOI for all references just by pasting in the dialogue box. It's a FREE service from CrossRef.