Content List of published articles with an executive summary

IJTHR aims to publish original research, reviews, case studies in the travel, tourism and hospitality industry, related research domains. Journal also encourage cross country, cross disciplines work as well as new and experimental forms of research, replication studies, and failed and negative results as well. 

In this e-catalog, the editor has presented an executive summary of a few specially selected articles for our vivid readers. All article titles are hyperlinked to the full article. If you like these articles, forward this catalog to your colleagues, librarian, and students.

CULTURAL AND NATURAL RESOURCES AS A TOURISM DESTINATION IN GORONTALO REGENCY - INDONESIA: ITS POTENTIALS, PROBLEMS, AND DEVELOPMENT

This study analyzed the cultural and natural potentials of Gorontalo Regency, in Indonesia, that become tourism destinations. The study is related to the attractiveness and problems of tourism, as well as the strategy to popularize domestic and foreign tourism destinations.

A LITERATURE REVIEW OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM (1990-2016) DEVELOPMENT TRAJECTORY AND FRAMEWORK

This study aims to figure out the knowledge mapping of sustainable tourism and to indicate its research hot spots and trends for future research because a little effort has been made to systematically provide sufficient information to academicians and practitioners who have great research interests in sustainable tourism.

THE RELATIONSHIP OF HALAL TOURISM, ISLAMIC ATTRIBUTES, EXPERIENTIAL VALUE, SATISFACTION AND MUSLIM REVISIT INTENTION IN FRAMEWORK

This study provides a systematic review of previous articles, books, and online news with a specific focus on Muslim tourists’ experiential value, Islamic attributes, and halal tourist destinations. This paper conducts literature reviews of journal articles, conference proceedings, and books interrelated with the keywords and the research field.

SEASONAL TOURISM DEMAND IN LEBANESE SKI RESORTS

The main objective of this study is to analyze the profile of Lebanese ski resorts’ visitors, their motivations, preferences, and perceptions. Thus, authors seek to analyze the characteristics of seasonal tourism demand in Lebanese ski resorts for the sake of reducing seasonality.

MULTI-AIRPORT SYSTEMS AS A GLOBAL TOURISM PHENOMENON: A CRITICAL REVIEW AND A NEW CONCEPT

The main objective of the present study is to shed light on the different dimensions and international experiences of the multi-airport system including the Egyptian experience in this regard. The methodology of the study depends on the researcher's own critical review based on his scientific background on the phenomenon of multi-airport systems through a survey in secondary and primary data.

ECOTOURISM POTENTIALS OF THE MAJANG FOREST BIOSPHERE RESERVE. GAMBELLA, SOUTH WEST ETHIOPIA

This study was to identify ecotourism potentials of the Majang Forest Biosphere Reserve. The study employed a qualitative research approach using an exploratory research design. Data was collected through in-depth interviews and focus group discussions besides field observations.

DETERMINANTS OF CAPITAL STRUCTURE: AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF OMAN’S TOURISM COMPANIES

The purpose of this research is to investigate the determinants of the capital structure of tourism companies in Oman. This study uses the trade-off theory and pecking order theory to postulate hypotheses related to determinants of capital structure.

THE CONSUMER BEHAVIOR TOWARD ONLINE TRAVELLING AGENCY (OTA): EVIDENCE FROM INDONESIA

This study aims to examine five proposed research models and understand the factors affecting customer expectation, service quality, perceived value, customer satisfaction, and brand loyalty in Online Travel Agent (OTA) companies. This study also evaluates the general feelings of the customers whether they feel satisfied or not with OTA products and/or services.

DEVELOPING THE FUTURE COMMUNITY-BASED TOURISM AT SOF-UMAR CAVE AND ITS ENVIRONS: UNCOVERING CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

The main aim of this study is to investigate the possible challenges and prospects in developing the future community-oriented tourism at Sof-Umar cave and its environs after examining the contemporary benefits of traditional tourism to the local community. The paper opted for a household survey method employing a mixed research approach. 

THE INFLUENCE OF TRAVEL PREFERENCES ON DOMESTIC TOURISM PARTICIPATION BEHAVIOUR IN KENYA

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of travel preferences on domestic tourism participation behavior of domestic tourists by comparing the preferences of both domestic tourists and non-tourists in Nairobi county, Kenya. The study adopted descriptive and explanatory research designs.

BUILDING A HERITAGE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT BLUEPRINT FOR BANGLADESH: AN EXPLORATIVE INVESTIGATION

This study targets to explore major issues that are critical in the development of heritage tourism in Bangladesh. Bangladesh is blessed with all the possibility to be an imperative heritage destination on global premises, whereas there are a number of obstacles that can obstruct the effective development of the heritage tourism segment in the country.

EDUCATIONAL TOURISM AS A TOOL TO INCREASE THE COMPETITIVENESS OF EDUCATION IN EGYPT: A CRITICAL STUDY

This research aims to evaluate educational tourism in Egypt. Educational tourism is one of the best ways to help students and adults to gain a good perspective around the world. In Egypt, there are some challenges faced by international students. This study explores the absence of academic or formal studies to assess the role of educational tourism in Egypt so far.

BLUE ECONOMY AND ITS LONG-TERM COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE

This study seeks to determine whether China’s coastal tourism industry can remain competitive in the long run under the blue economy ideology. Specifically, the motivations and perceptions of various stakeholder groups are explored to empirically test the generalizability of consensus of the current literature for the case of China. Study tends to find that when the ocean becomes over-commercialized by the tourism industry, it can potentially lose its pristine amenities, which tourists are attracted to in the first place.

THE TIPPING CONSEQUENCE ON HOSPITALITY’S RESTAURANT FOOD AND BEVERAGE SERVICE RESPONSIVENESS IN KISUMU COUNTY - KENYA

The purpose of this study was to investigate the tipping consequence of restaurant food service responsiveness. The study employed a descriptive survey approach within Kisumu County in Kenya, with a focus on classified hotel restaurant (dependent). A simple random sampling methodology was applied in the selection of restaurant clients, with a sample size of 384 respondents.

AN INVESTIGATION OF SYMBIOTIC RELATIONS BETWEEN TOURISM AND DEVELOPMENT

This study aims to acquaint deeply with the relationship between tourism and development in order to check complexities, gaps, comparability, and the sustainability of impact on each other. This study has employed a descriptive research method and data was collected through secondary sources.

LOCAL PERSPECTIVE OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN LAKE TOBA AS A TOURISM DESTINATION

This study aims to examine the forms of involvement of local communities in Lake Toba and to analyze their level of participation. This research also seeks to identify the tourism potential of Lake Toba through the attribute theory of tourist destinations (attraction, accessibility, amenities, accommodation, and ancillary service). Multi-method approaches are used to examine this phenomenon.

MORE THAN FRIENDS: THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON WORD OF MOUTH, BRAND LOYALTY AND PURCHASE INTENTIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL HOTELS

The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate an integrated theoretical framework to more fully capture and describe the consumer’s behavior in the brand community and explores the relationships among interactivity, engagement, trust, friendship, and post-purchase behaviors, i.e. brand loyalty, Word-of-mouth, and purchase intention. Thus, this study demonstrates the mechanisms behind utilizing social media to build solid long term potentially profitable relationships with hotel clientele.

HANDICRAFT INDUSTRY CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN CULTURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN MACHAKOS COUNTY, KENYA

This study investigated the roles of handicraft industries in cultural tourism development in Machakos County. Machakos County is home to Kenya’s oldest and biggest handicraft industry. The study utilized a qualitative research approach using an exploratory research design. The study population composed of wood carvers, craft cooperative officials, and basket weavers drawn from two weavers’ community organizations in Machakos County.

THE AVAILABILITY OF INTERPRETATION MEDIA AND TOURISTS’ SATISFACTION WITH MOVIE INDUCED TOURISM IN KENYA

This paper is anchored on the findings of a study that sought to assess the availability of interpretation media in movie induced tourism and its effect on tourists’ satisfaction in Kenya. This study adopted explanatory and descriptive research designs and targeted 1,318 tourists from Karen Blixen Museum where the movie “Out of Africa” was filmed and Samburu County where the movie “The White Maasai” was filmed.

A CRITICAL STUDY OF INVESTMENTS IN NEW HOTELS IN LEBANON DURING 2012-2016

This research aims at understanding why investments in new hotels sustained in Lebanon during 2012 -2016 despite the unstable political situation that reigned over the country. This study adopted a survey-based methodology on a total population sample of new hotels to explain the phenomenon and identify its determinants.

INTERNATIONAL VISITOR EXPERIENCE LEVEL IN URBAN DESTINATIONS IN NAIROBI COUNTY, KENYA

The purpose of this research was to empirically examine the international visitors’ experiences while in urban destinations Nairobi County, Kenya. The research hypothesis was constructed based on previous theoretical and empirical studies. A survey was conducted on 231 departing visitors to collect primary data from January to June 2017. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was used to measure the linear correlation between international visitor experiences and urban destinations.

ANALYSIS AND APPLICATION OF TOURISM COMPETITIVE MODELS TO TOURISM DESTINATIONS

This article discusses and evaluates theories and models of tourism competitiveness particularly those of Crouch and Ritchie (1999)Dwyer and Kim (2003), and World Economic Forum (2018). Wiklund, J., & Shepherd, D. (2005) models enable and try to enlighten more on how they facilitate the understanding and application of tourism competitiveness. The analysis, evaluation, and comparison of models are based on the research methodology, application (practice), variables used, assumptions and generalizations.

COMMUNITY TOURISM AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN KASHMIR

This study aims to find out the importance of community tourism and rural development in the Valley of Kashmir. The objectives of the study are to study the relationship between tourism and community development and highlight the mechanism for rural development through community-based tourism. This study is mainly based on secondary sources and Insights are gained through various books, journals, articles, published and unpublished records of the Ministry of Tourism Government of India and J&K tourism.

ANALYZING PERFORMANCE OF SCALE HOTELS OF AHMEDABAD, INDIA

This study tends to analyze the hotel’s performance in Ahmadabad city in terms of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), revenue generation, hotel room demand and supply. The study is based on secondary data of Smith Travel Research, Global. It is a descriptive cum longitudinal study and its approach is deductive.

STUDY OF FOOD SECURITY THROUGH FOOD WASTE AND LOSS CONTROL MECHANISM IN KENYA

Food waste within the hospitality’s restaurant operations contribute immensely to the global food wastes. Thus, this study narrows down to the prevention solutions approach, which was employed on the basis of menu design, portion choices and customized dishes, use of smaller plates during service, procuring optimized quantities, proper application of product specifications, and employment of waste tracking and analytics methodologies.

A STUDY ON THE CULTURAL TOURISM OF THE CHINESE TOURISTS IN JAPAN

This study attempts to expand the understanding of “cultural tourism” among Chinese tourists coming to Japan by identifying factors influencing tourism from a cultural point of view. The Japanese tourism industry is becoming an important pillar of the Japanese economy. To increase the number of Chinese visitors to Japan, emphasizing the charm of Japanese culture will be a key. This study conducted a questionnaire survey of Chinese tourists who visited Japan.

THE MOTORCYCLE TAXI PHENOMENON IN THE PHILIPPINES: IS THE DEMISE OF JEEPNEY POSSIBLE?

Jeepney occupies not only the streets of the country but also the culture, identity, and values of the Filipino. Thus, this study analyzed the case of a route in Camarines Sur in which jeepneys had faced an unfortunate fate of death. Many factors cause the demise of the jeep, one of which is the entrance of motorcycle taxies or locally known as the “door-to-door.”

BICYCLES TRANSPORT SUSTAINABILITY OPPORTUNITIES FOR TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: CASE STUDY OF MZUZU CITY, MALAWI

The objective of this study is to investigate and critically analyze the sustainability of bicycle taxi transport as informal business operation, the operators prevailing challenges, and its contribution to sustainable urban transport and tourism development in Mzuzu City, Malawi. The study was conducted with ten bicycle taxi operators, road users, and two city council and two government authorities in Mzuzu City, Malawi. This research used both questionnaires and in-depth interviews.

TOURIST SATISFACTION AT CULTURAL DESTINATION (A CASE STUDY OF SAUNG ANGKLUNG UDJO BANDUNG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA)

The purpose of this study is to examine the cultural destinations attribute and the factor of tourist travel behavior characteristics. This study also aims to develop tourist satisfaction in Saung Angklung Udjo Bandung. The sampling method was used as an incidental technique with the number of respondents as many as 400 tourists. 

STUDY OF IMPACT OF EXCHANGE RATE ON TOURISM BALANCE OF PAYMENT IN COUNTRIES WITH TOP TOURIST ATTRACTIONS (VECTOR ERROR CORRECTION APPROACH)

This article focuses on the impact of the exchange rate on the balance of payment in selected countries of the premier tourist attractions in two groups of countries; countries with high and lower-middle per capita income in the period of 1995-2013. In this study vector error correction approach and impulse response functions in the form of the J – curve is used.

NEED FOR PROFESSIONALISM AND QUALITY SERVICE OF THE TOURIST GUIDES IN OMAN

The objectives of this study are to investigate the factors impeding the professionalism of the tourist guides in Oman and to analyze the service quality improvement of the tourist guides. 56 samples were collected from the tourist guides in Oman working in the public and private sector, and the samples were selected on a random sampling basis.

A CASE STUDY OF HOSPITALITY AND TOURISM CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN MALAWI

The hospitality and tourism industry has a significant part to play in Malawi's economy. The industry has created jobs and contributes to foreign currency generation. Thus, this research was conducted to determine and evaluate any problems currently faced by the industry. The methodology for the research included the online questionnaire and telephone interviews with a sample of 250 participants.

ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY AND TOURISM ACTIVITIES IN BACKWATERS OF KERALA

The main objective of this study is to identify factors that encourage tourists to visit backwater regions of Kerala and the host community’s perception of the impact of tourism on the environmental sustainability of Backwaters of Kerala. In order to accomplish the study objectives, a survey questionnaire was developed for this research.

HOW TO IMPROVE THE HACCP SYSTEM IN AN INTERNATIONAL TOURIST HOTEL GROUP? CAUSE-AND -EFFECT ANALYSIS AND PDCA APPLICATION

The aim of this study is to discuss not only what the difficulties are to be confronted when a HACCP is introduced into international tourist hotels, but also how to apply effective solutions to overcome these crucial issues.  In-depth interviews were applied in this study to analyze the case of Taiwan’s X international tourist hotels.

FUTURE OF OMAN TOURISM PERCEPTION OF THE STUDENTS IN TOURISM STUDIES

Oman’s ‘Vision 2040’ aims at diversifying its economic activities from the oil and gas sector to the tourism sector. The objective of this study is to analyze the various factors affecting the students’ perceptions towards choosing Tourism studies as their mainstream. The study was conducted with 223 students of tourism studies who were selected on the basis of random sampling and were contacted through a well-defined questionnaire.

SETIF AS A CITY BRAND

Nowadays, cities are engaging in Marketing and City Branding to improve their image internationally in order to become more attractive for: tourists, investors, and students. Thus, this study aims to identify the meaning of city branding, and to deal with a case study that concerns Setif city. A quantitative study has been done to know how this city does appear in order to make propositions for it, to create a city brand and manage its image and reputation.

POTENTIALITY ASSESSMENT FOR ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN DIDA HARA CONSERVATION SITE OF BORENA NATIONAL PARK, ETHIOPIA

The main objective of this research is to identify the ecotourism resources and products for ecotourism development in the Dida Hara conservation site of Borana National Park, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. This study used a cross-sectional descriptive research design. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used.

PRO-POOR TOURISM AS A PANACEA FOR SLUMS IN EGYPT

This study aims to evaluate the situation of pro-poor tourism in Egypt; as being the international trend to use tourism as a tool to reduce poverty levels in impoverished slum areas particularly in developing and emerging countries. This study’s methodology focuses on the descriptive statistics techniques.

DARK TOURISM IN LEBANON: A BRIGHT OPPORTUNITY TO BE PURSUED

Tourism in Lebanon has always been a key contributor to the national economy. In this research, dark tourism was approached as an important type of tourism that has a significant potential role in Lebanon. This research uses a mixed-method approach and the survey has been developed for quantitative data including some qualitative questions regarding gender and age.

TOURISM ENTREPRENEURIAL DEVELOPMENT AND FLIGHT FREQUENCY AT A DESTINATION: CASE STUDY OF MALAWI

This research was conducted to examine the role of airlines in tourism development more specifically the relationship between tourism-related businesses and the frequency of airlines. Therefore, the specific objective of the study was to assess the role of flight frequency on tourism entrepreneurial development in Malawi. This study employed a descriptive study method and survey research strategy which involves the structured collection of data from a sizable population.

FESTIVAL AND TRAVEL PLANNING NETWORK

This study aims to describe and integrate a website with many festivals and travel-related functions into one platform called Festival and Travel Planning Network. This platform allows easy access for users to obtain various festival information, city travel, restaurant, and hotel guidelines in Taiwan.

WHAT SHOULD BE KNOWN TO CONDUCT IN THE TRAVEL INDUSTRY? EXTENDING TO KNOWLEDGE-BASED VIEW

The purpose of this study is to explore what market knowledge of the travel industry involves. This study adopts the discovery-oriented approach of qualitative study to delineate the domain of the market knowledge construct in the travel industry setting.

THE IMPACT OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ON EMPLOYEES IN THE HOTEL SECTOR

This study aims to investigate corporate social responsibility (CSR) within the context of five-star hotels in Hurgada, Egypt, and assess its impact on employees’ job engagement, retention, attraction, and organizational commitment. Data were collected using multiple research methods, including questionnaire surveys, semi-structured interviews, and content analysis.

ANTHROPOLOGY OF PILGRIMS WITH REGARD TO ACCOMMODATION AND THE ACTIVITIES THEY PERFORMED WHILE VISITING SHAHDRA SHARIEF SHRINE

This study is conducted for pilgrims who visit Shahdra Sharief Shrine Rajouri which is located in the mid-hills of State Jammu and Kashmir. Thus, this study is endeavored to analyze visitors' accommodation related facet, activities they performed, and duration of their trip, the time they spent at the Shrine, and the factor facilitate their visits to Shahdra. A sample of 1000 respondents has been selected by adopting non-probability sampling techniques.

THE ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES OF PILGRIMAGE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN THANJAVUR

This study investigates the issues and challenges of pilgrimage tourism and also it’s civilizing significance in Thanjavur. The scope of socio-economic enlargement during pilgrimage tourism and analysis of the communications issues pertaining to the pilgrimage location of Thanjavur is dealt through in this study. This study is generally based on primary data and secondary data.

CHANGING PERCEPTION OF STUDENTS TOWARD HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

This study is conducted to understand the difference between the perception of 1st year and final year students studying hospitality courses toward the hospitality industry. A structured questionnaire was designed in which 21 variables were included on the basis of a review of the literature.

EMPLOYEES’ SERVICE INNOVATION BEHAVIOR AND NEW SERVICE DEVELOPMENT IN FOUR- AND FIVE-STAR HOTELS

This study aims to explore the impact of Employee Service Innovation Behavior (ESIB) on New Service Development (NSD) among hotel employees. A research model was proposed and the empirical data were collected from employees who are working in four- and five-star hotels in Jordan.

EXPLORING CRUISE PASSENGERS’ DEMOGRAPHICS, EXPERIENCE, AND SATISFACTION WITH CRUISING THE WESTERN CARIBBEAN

This study aims to explore cruise passengers experience and their satisfaction. Exploratory factor analysis was performed and revealed that the “environment factor” had the most influence on cruise passengers’ experience. Subsequently, a multiple regression was conducted to identify variables that affect passengers’ satisfaction; clean unpolluted environments, and sun-sea-sand continue to be the top variables affecting tourists’ satisfaction in the Caribbean.

BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES IN EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT: THE CASE OF HOTELS

This study explores biometric technology and their potential usage in the hospitality industry, and also reviews the viable biometric technologies and further with a discussion of their applications in the hospitality industry to enhance security and increase operational efficiency. Tracking employees and hotel guests may bolster emergency management response time by locating individuals, ensuring secure areas, and aiding individuals in evacuation procedures. 

CUSTOMER PERCEPTIONS OF SERVICE QUALITY IN LUXURY HOTELS IN PETRA AND AQABA, JORDAN: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY

The aim of this study is to assess customers perception of service quality in luxury hotels, in both, Petra (The iconic tourist attraction), and Aqaba (The commercial capital) on the Red Sea in Jordan and to help the hotel management identify how guest perceive the services and compare their performance against clients expectation. The study used a survey and interviews to accumulate information using SPSS version 20.0 for data analysis.